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Table 2 Association of severity of disability and characteristics of cancer patients

From: The changing relationship between health burden and work disability of Australian cancer survivors, 2003–2017: evidence from a longitudinal survey

VariablesSeverity of disability
No disabilityModerate disabilitySevere disabilityP-value
 n% (95% CI)n% (95% CI)n% (95% CI) 
Sex
Male81658.37 (55.76, 60.93)33523.96 (21.80, 26.27)24717.67 (15.76, 19.76)0.728
Female67257.29 (54.43, 60.10)29725.32 (22.91, 27.89)20417.39 (15.33, 19.67) 
Age
< 25 years4673.02 (60.69, 82.58)914.29 (7.56, 25.35)812.70 (6.44, 23.51)< 0.001
25–45 years28574.41 (69.80, 78.54)6116.00 (12.59, 19.95)379.66 (7.08, 13.06) 
46–65 years60662.15 (59.06, 65.15)21421.95 (19.46, 24.66)15515.90 (13.73, 18.33) 
> 65 years55147.91 (45.03, 50.81)34830.26 (27.67, 32.98)25121.83 (19.53, 24.31) 
Educational attainment
Year 12 or below48949.44 (46.33, 52.56)28428.72 (25.98, 31.62)21621.84 (19.37, 24.53)< 0.001
Year 1214766.82 (60.31, 72.74)3616.36 (12.03, 21.87)3716.82 (12.42, 22.37) 
Trade/certificate/diploma58860.18 (57.08, 63.21)23423.95 (21.38, 26.73)15515.86 (13.70, 18.29) 
Tertiary26468.57 (63.75, 73.02)7820.26 (16.53, 24.58)4311.17 (8.38, 14.73) 
Employment status
Employed74075.98 (73.19, 78.56)15816.22 (14.04, 18.67)767.80 (6.27, 9.66)< 0.001
Unemployed74846.84 (44.40, 49.29)47429.68 (27.49, 31.97)37523.48 (21.47, 25.63) 
Physical activity status
Low23346.98 (42.61, 51.39)12625.40 (21.76, 29.43)13727.62 (23.86, 31.73)< 0.001
Moderate19756.94 (51.65, 62.07)10129.19 (24.63, 34.21)4813.87 (10.61, 17.94) 
High17670.12 (64.15, 75.47)5521.91 (17.21, 27.47)207.97 (5.19, 12.04) 
 Alcohol consumption (= yes)117561.74 (59.54, 63.90)44823.54 (21.69, 25.50)28014.71 (13.19, 16.38)< 0.001
 Smoking exposure (= yes)22460.54 (55.46, 65.41)8222.16 (18.21, 26.69)6417.30 (13.77, 21.50)0.455
Health burden
No burden24896.50 (93.40, 98.17)72.72 (1.30, 5.61)20.78 (0.19, 3.07)< 0.001
Moderate burden101865.01 (62.61, 67.33)40325.73 (23.63, 27.96)1459.26 (7.92, 10.80) 
Severe burden22229.68 (26.51, 33.06)22229.68 (26.51, 33.06)30440.64 (37.17, 44.21) 
 Private insurance coverage (= yes)36259.05 (55.10, 62.89)15525.29 (22.00, 28.89)9615.66 (12.99, 18.76)0.005
 Healthcare utilisation (= yes)49545.29 (42.35, 48.26)34031.00 (28.43, 33.92)25823.60 (21.18, 26.22)< 0.001
Life satisfaction with (mean scores)
Household members14888.18 (8.09, 8.27)6328.24 (8.10, 8.38)4518.20 (8.01, 8.39)0.034
Employment14884.30 (4.10, 4.51)6322.48 (2.20, 2.77)4511.53 (1.25, 1.82)< 0.001
Financial situation14886.94 (6.83, 7.06)6326.59 (6.40, 6.78)4516.15 (5.91, 6.39)< 0.001
Social supports14888.01 (7.93, 8.09)6327.92 (7.78, 8.06)4517.61 (7.42, 7.80)< 0.001
Remoteness
Major cities94560.89 (58.43, 63.29)34722.36 (20.35, 24.50)26016.75 (14.97, 18.7)< 0.001
Inner regional34452.12 (48.30, 55.92)19429.39 (26.04, 32.99)12218.00 (15.70, 21.64) 
Outer regional16953.82 (48.27, 59.28)8025.00 (20.95, 30.60)6520.70 (16.57, 25.55) 
Remote or very remote3066.67 (51.65, 78.92)1124.44 (13.99, 39.16)48.89 (3.34, 21.61) 
Socioeconomic status
Q1(lowest 20%) (ref)25850.00 (45.69, 54.31)13325.78 (22.18, 29.73)12524.22 (20.72, 28.12)< 0.001
Q231252.44 (48.41, 56.43)16327.39 (23.96, 31.13)12020.17 (17.13, 23.59) 
Q328060.48 (55.94, 64.84)12025.92 (22.12, 30.11)6313.61 (10.77, 17.05) 
Q432961.61 (57.41, 65.65)11922.28 (18.95, 26.02)8616.10 (13.22, 19.48) 
Q5(highest 20%)30966.74 (62.31, 70.89)9720.95 (17.48, 24.90)5712.31 (9.61, 15.63) 
Overall148857.88 (55.96, 59.77)63224.58 (22.95, 26.29)45117.54 (16.12, 19.06) 
  1. P-value was derived using chi-square test or one way analysis of variance (ANOVA) where appropriate