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Table 5 Convergent and discriminant validity for the modification model

From: Establishing the HLS-M-Q18 short version of the European health literacy survey questionnaire for the Malaysian context

Health literacy domainCRAVEMSVASVDPHCHP
  1. DP Disease Prevention, HC Healthcare, HP Health Promotion, CR Composite Reliability, AVE Average Variance Extracted, MSV Maximum Shared Variance, ASV Average Shared Variance