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Table 2 Nutritional, clinical, and biological features of rural women according to the use of psychoactive substances (n = 1730)

From: Smokeless tobacco use: its prevalence and relationships with dental symptoms, nutritional status and blood pressure among rural women in Burkina Faso

ParametersMean ± standard deviation or % (95% confident interval)
OverallCurrent SLT usersNot current SLT usersp valueCurrent SLT and alcohol usersCurrent SLT and not alcohol usersp value
(n = 1730)(n = 238)(n = 1492) (n = 109)(n = 1621) 
Waist circumference,(cm)76.2 ± 11.674.6 ± 10.776.4 ± 11.7*75.0 ± 11.876.3 ± 11.6NS
Weight,(kg)56.4 ± 10.253.2 ± 9.056.9 ± 10.3***52.7 ± 8.156.7 ± 10.3***
Body mass index,(kg/m2)21.5 ± 3.620.2 ± 3.121.7 ± 3.6***20.2 ± 2.821.6 ± 3.6***
Nutritional state
 - Underweight16.0 (14.3–17.8)28.6 (22.9–34.8)13.9 (12.2–15.8)***28.4 (20.2–37.9)15.1 (13.4–17.0)**
 - Normal70.9 (68.7–73.1)66.0 (59.6–72.0)71.7 (69.4–74.0)NS66.1 (56.4–74.9)71.3 (69.0–73.4)NS
 - Overweight/obesity13.1 (11.6–14.8)5.5 (2.9–9.2)14.4 (12.6–16.2)***5.5 (2.0–11.6)13.6 (12.0–15.4)***
Systolic blood pressure (mmHg)120.0 ± 16.7122.9 ± 19.8119.6 ± 16.1**119.9 ± 16.3120.1 ± 16.7NS
Diastolic blood pressure (mmHg)76.8 ± 10.076.6 ± 10.376.8 ± 10.0NS76.3 ± 9.876.8 ± 10.05NS
Differential blood pressure (mmHg)43.3 ± 11.846.3 ± 13.942.8 ± 11.3***43.6 ± 11.343.2 ± 11.8NS
High blood pressure, yes (> 140/90 mmHg)14.6 (13.0–16.4)16.4 (11.9–21.7)14.3 (12.6–16.2)NS13.8 (7.9–21.7)14.7 (13.0–16.5)NS
Blood sugar(mmol/l)3.9 ± 1.54.1 ± 1.53.8 ± 1.5*4.2 ± 1.43.9 ± 1.5*
Hyperglycemia, yes (> 6.1 mmol/l)5.0 (4.0–6.1)5.5 (2.9–9.2)4.9 (3.9–6.1)NS5.5 (2.0–11.6)4.6 (3.6–5.7)NS
HDL cholesterol,(mmo/l)0.9 (0.5)0.9 ± 0.40.9 ± 0.5NS1.0 ± 0.50.9 ± 0.5NS
Total cholesterol,(mmol/l)3.1 (0.8)3.1 ± 0.83.1 ± 0.8NS3.2 ± 1.03.0 ± 0.8*
  1. NS indicates Non-Significant p value; * indicates p value < 0.05; ** indicates p value < 0.01; *** indicates p value < 0.001