Skip to main content

Table 6 Factors associated with double burden categories in a multivariable logistic regression analysis in a sample of adults in rural Tamil Nadu, South India

From: Socio-demographic patterning of the individual-level double burden of malnutrition in a rural population in South India: a cross-sectional study

 Anemia only, fully adjusted model
OR (95% CI)
Diabetes only, fully adjusted model
OR (95% CI)
Co-morbid anemia and diabetes, fully adjusted model
OR (95% CI)
Age (continuous)1.02 (1.01, 1.03) a1.02 (1.00, 1.04)d1.08 (1.05, 1.11)a
Female Sex (male as referent)2.73 (1.97, 3.79) a1.43 (0.61, 2.11)1.04 (0.49, 2.20)
Scheduled caste or tribe (Y/N)2.89 (1.21, 6.90)b
Seasonal migrant (Y/N)0.54 (0.31, 0.94)b
Livestock ownership (Y/N)0.68 (0.49, 0.94) b
Rurality index0.75 (0.57, 0.98)b
Family history of diabetes (Y/N)4.17 (1.80, 9.62)a4.86 (1.86, 12.70)a
Physical Activity (h/day moderate activity)0.85 (0.76, 0.96)a
Body Mass Index (standardized)1.87 (1.25, 2.81)a2.14 (1.45, 3.14)a
Waist circumference (standardized)1.68 (1.09, 2.57)b
Meat and poultry intake (g/1000 kcal)0.87 (0.78, 0.98)b
  1. Only variables associated with one or more outcome level (p < 0.05) are displayed
  2. The dependent variable is a multi-level outcome: 0 = neither anemia nor diabetes (referent, not shown); 1 = anemia only; 2 = diabetes only; 3 = both anemia and diabetes
  3. Definitions as follows: anemia, Hb < 130 g/dL for men, < 120 g/dL for women; diabetes, proof of previous diagnosis and/or CBG ≥7 mmol/L (≥126 mg/dl) and/or a 2 h post prandial CBG value ≥12.2 mmol/L (≥220 mg/dL); ap < 0.01; bp < 0.05; cp < 0.1; dp < 0.2
\