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Table 1 Characteristics of study participants and DOT coverage

From: Implementation fidelity of hospital based directly observed therapy for tuberculosis treatment in Bhutan: mixed-method study

VariablesTotalIntensive PhaseContinuation Phase
n (%)DOTNo DOTDOTNo DOT
Gender
 Male58 (41.7)31 (53.4)27 (46.6)5 (8.6)53 (91.4)
 Female81 (58.3)55 (67.9)26 (32.1)3 (3.7)78 (96.3)
Age
 < 14 year5 (3.6)2 (40)3 (60)05 (100)
 15–49 year123 (88.5)81 (65.9)42 (34.1)8 (6.5)115 (93.5)
 > 50 year11 (7.9)3 (27.3)8 (72.7)011 (100)
Residence
 Urban98 (70.5)64 (65.3)34 (34.7)7 (7.1)91 (92.9)
 Urban slum22 (15.8)12 (54.5)10 (45.5)1 (4.5)21 (95.5)
 Rural19 (13.8)10 (52.6)9 (47.4)019 (100)
Highest Education Level
 > Diploma38 (27.3)20 (52.6)18 (47.4)4 (10.5)34 (89.5)
 Secondary53 (38.1)34 (64.2)19 (35.8)2(3.8)51 (96.2)
 Primary School12 (8.6)8 (66.7)4 (33.3)1(8.3)11 (91.7)
 No Education36 (25.9)24 (66.7)12 (33.3)1(2.8)35 (97.2)
Occupation
 Civil servant8 (5.8)2 (25.0)6 (75.0)08 (100.0)
 Private employee35 (25.2)28 (80.0)7 (20.0)4 (11.4)31 (88.6)
 Corporate employee5 (3.6)3 (60.0)2 (40.0)1 (20.0)4 (80.0)
 Armed Force7 (5.0)5 (71.4)2 (28.6)07 (100.0)
 Student28 (20.1)15 (53.6)13 (46.4)2 (7.1)26 (92.9)
 Others56 (40.3)33 (58.9)23 (41.1)1 (1.8)55 (98.2)
Type of TB
 SPPT72 (51.8)60 (83.3)12 (16.7)3 (4.2)69 (95.8)
 SNPT15 (10.8)3 (20.0)12 (80.0)1 (6.7)14 (93.3)
 EPT39 (28.1)11 (28.2)28 (71.8)039 (100.0)
 MDR-TB13 (9.3)12 (92.3)1 (7.7)4 (30.8)9 (69.2)
Treatment category
 New125 (89.9)74 (59.2)51 (40.8)5 (4.0)120 (96.0)
 Retreatment14 (10.1)12 (85.7)2 (14.3)3 (21.4)11 (78.6)
  1. DOT Directly observed treatment, EPT extra pulmonary tuberculosis, MDR-TB multi-drug-resistant tuberculosis, SNPT smear negative pulmonary tuberculosis, SPPT smear positive pulmonary tuberculosis