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Table 3 Medical history of diabetic patients who follow at Jimma University medical center, Ethiopia, 2018

From: Determinants of diabetic retinopathy in Southwest Ethiopia: a facility-based case-control study

VariableCategoryCases
(n = 106)
Control
(n = 205)
COR(95% CI)P-Value
Family history of DMYes
No
56 (52.8%)
50 (47.2%)
64 (31.2%)
141 (68.8%)
2.46 (1.52,3.99)
1
< 0.001
Duration of DM after diagnosis< 6 years
≥6 years
36 (33.9%)
70 (66.1%)
142 (69.2%)
63 (30.8%)
1
4.38 (2.65,7.22)
< 0.001
Other micro-vascular complicationsYes
No
51 (48.1%)
55 (51.9%)
20 (9.7%)
185 (90.3%)
8.57 (4.71,15.60)
1
< 0.001
Systolic blood pressure< 140 mmHg
≥140mmhg
65 (61.3%)
41 (38.7%)
186 (90.7%)
19 (9.3%)
1
6.17 (3.34,11.39)
< 0.001
Diastolic blood pressure<90mmhg
≥90mmhg
57 (53.7%)
49 (46.3%)
158 (77%)
47 (23%)
1
2.89 (1.75,4.77)
< 0.001
Glycaemic level (RBS)Good
Poor
39 (36.8%)
67 (63.2%)
164 (80%)
41 (20%)
1
6.87 (4.07,11.58)
< 0.001
Serum Cholesterol levelGood
Poor
54 (56.2%)
42 (43.8%)
51 (27.1%)
137 (72.9%)
1
0.29 (0.17,0.48)
< 0.001
Haemoglobin level< 11 mg/dl
≥11 mg/ml
34 (32.4%)
71 (67.6%)
18 (8.7%)
187 (91.3%)
4.97 (2.64,9.37)
1
< 0.001
BMI< 25 kg/m2
≥25 kg/m2
76 (71.7%)
30 (28.3%)
146 (71.2%)
59 (28.8%)
1
0.97 (0.58,1.64)
0.929