Skip to main content

Table 3 Practices of the study population related to Self-Medication

From: Demographic, socio-economic and other associated risk factors for self-medication behaviour among university students of Sri Lanka: a cross sectional study

ParameterTotal respondents
n%
Practicing of Self-MedicationYes54678.0
No15422.0
Frequency of Self-MedicationOnce a week162.3
Every 2–3 weeks486.9
Once a month8812.6
Every two three months21831.1
More than 5 times per year33047.1
Number of medicines simultaneously used137052.9
219828.3
Multiple13218.9
How often do you change the dosage?Always10815.4
Occasionally44363.3
Never14921.3
Reasons for changing the dosageImproving conditions14821.1
Worsening conditions16723.9
To reduce adverse conditions12818.3
Felt insufficient to cure the cause25736.7
Symptoms for Self MedicationCough39756.7
Stomachache29742.4
Fever42961.3
Skin wounds/symptoms15722.4
Allergies9713.9
Eye symptoms40.6
Ear symptoms142.0
Diarrhea588.3
Back pain relief11216.0
gastritis32546.4
Other (Specify)12217.4
Common drugs (medicines) usedAntipyretics for fever: Paracetamol51573.6
Pain killers: Paracetamol, Panadine, Aspirin, Brufen37253.1
Drugs for cough/runny nose: Cough syrups, piriton, cetirizine51573.6
Laxatives: Lactulose192.7
Vitamins: Vitamin C, Vitamin E, Vitamin B, Iron, Folic acid, Calcium28340.4
Antiallergic: Fexofenadine, Prednisolon, Piriton12618.0
Sleeping pills142.0
Antibiotics: amoxicillin, cloxacillin27238.8
Pain relief balms: Diclofenac gel30143.0
Inhalers507.1
Cetrazine33247.4
Drugs for gastritis29041.4
Anti-itching balms: Lactocalamine, hydrocortisone16523.6
Diarreha: Jeevani10114.4
Other40.6
Determining the doseChecking the package48569.3
Consulting a pharmacist42060.0
Consulting family members/friends26537.9
From my previous experience36952.7
By guessing the dosage334.7
Consulting a medical officer8912.7
How often do you check the instructions for drug usage?Always20529.3
Occasionally30844.0
Never18726.7
Do you keep old medicine/left overs at your home?Yes48369
No21731
Have you ever found out that you had taken the same drug with different names at the same time?Yes20529.3
No48569.3
Have you faced any side effects due to Self-Medication?Yes28140.1
No41959.9
What did you do when side effects arise due to Self-Medication?Switch to another drug588.3
Consulted pharmacy staff31845.4
Consult family member/friend10739.1
Consulted a physician466.6
Other (specify)40.6
\