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Table 1 Summary statistics 2008–2014

From: The effect of cash transfers on mental health – new evidence from South Africa

VariablesDefinition2008
n = 6801
2010
n = 7831
2012 n = 78182014
n = 6323
All years n = 10,925
Outcome Variable
 CES-DCentre for Epidemiological Depression Scale ranging from 0 to 30; higher values indicate better mental health18.99 (4.39)20.07 (4.00)20.12 (4.28)20.36 (4.04)19.90 (4.21)
Main Explanatory Variable
 Household CSG1 if individual lives in a CSG- receiving household, 0 otherwise0.650.760.800.830.76
Instrumental variable
 Household with CSG eligible child1 if a child eligible for the CSG lives in the household, 0 otherwise (including no children)0.830.870.900.890.87
Covariates
 Male0 if female, 1 if male0.320.340.320.290.32
 AgeThe age of the individual in years37.58 (17.64)37.86 (18.18)38.61 (18.00)40.96 (17.69)38.68 (17.94)
 Age under 191 if the individual is < 19 years of age, 0 otherwise0.170.160.130.050.13
 Econ. decision maker1 if the individual is the economic decision maker of the household, 0 otherwise0.390.390.410.460.41
 Size of the householdThe number of household members5.91 (3.17)6.62 (3.82)6.60 (3.79)6.55 (3.53)6.43 (3.61)
 Death in household1 if a household member has died in the past 2 years, 0 otherwise0.180.160.140.120.15
 Household OAG1 if individual lives in an Old Age Pension -receiving household, 0 otherwise0.320.410.390.410.38
 Household DG1 if individual lives in a DG-receiving household, 0 otherwise0.150.100.110.120.12
 Household FCG1 if individual lives in a FCG-receiving household, 0 otherwise0.040.050.060.060.05
 Household CDG1 if individual lives in a CDG-receiving household, 0 otherwise0.010.010.020.020.01
 Neighbourhood Theft0 “never happens in neighbourhood”, 1 “very rare in neighbourhood”, 2 “not common in neighbourhood”, 3 “fairly common in neighbourhood”, 4 “very common in neighbourhood”1.88 (1.49)1.84 (1.38)2.26 (1.43)2.21 (1.48)2.05 (1.45)
RegionThe baseline is “Rural formal” 
 Tribal Authority Area1 if the individual lives in a tribal authority area, 0 otherwise0.530.540.560.550.54
 Urban Formal1 if the individual lives in an urban formal area, 0 otherwise0.310.300.290.290.30
 Urban Informal (Townships)1 if the individual lives in an urban informal area, 0 otherwise0.070.070.070.070.07
ProvinceThe baseline is “Limpopo” 
 Western Cape1 if the individual lives in Western Cape, 0 otherwise0.080.070.080.070.07
 Eastern Cape1 if the individual lives in Eastern Cape, 0 otherwise0.140.140.140.140.14
 Northern Cape1 if the individual lives in Northern Cape, 0 otherwise0.080.070.060.060.07
 Free State1 if the individual lives in Free State, 0 otherwise0.060.050.050.050.06
 KwaZulu-West1 if the individual lives in KwaZulu-West, 0 otherwise0.330.340.350.380.35
 North West1 if the individual lives in North West, 0 otherwise0.080.080.070.060.07
 Gauteng1 if the individual lives in Gauteng, 0 otherwise0.060.060.070.070.06
 Mpumalanga1 if the individual lives in Mpumalanga, 0 otherwise0.070.070.070.070.07
  1. Note: Descriptive statistics are on the sample of the estimated models. n indicates the number of individuals. Variable means (standard deviations when applicable)