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Table 3 Summary of characteristics of included studies

From: The relationship between household chaos and child, parent, and family outcomes: a systematic scoping review

Study Characteristic Na
Type of studyCross-sectional60
Longitudinal49
Experimental/laboratory2
Case-control1
Sample Size< 10016
100- < 100072
1000- < 10,00022
≥10,0002
Cohort/StudyTEDS12
FLP9
Head Start Cohort6
MCS +/− NESS5
Pakistan cohort5
Western Reserve Reading Project4
Stand-alone Head Start Cohorts4
Florida Twin Project OR from the Florida State Twin registry2
SECCYD2
SIBS2
Early Alliance Trial1
NAPLAN1
BIDS1
Early Growth and Development Study1
ESM1
FACES, 20061
Food and Family Project1
Fragile Families and Child Well-being Study1
Guelph Family Health Study1
Home Environment Comparison Study1
PHDCN1
Social and Educational Change (RISE) study1
Wisconsin Twin Project1
L-CID1
SIESTA1
Social and Character Development Research Program1
Stand-alone studies/No study or cohort name46
Context/ParticipantsLow income/rural34
Twins19
Adopted children
Child Diagnosis/Risk factor:
1
ADHD2
Autism1
Obesity2
DRD4 risk1
Stuttering1
Sickle cell disease1
Type 1 diabetes2
Parent Diagnosis/Risk factor: 
Depression/3
Bipolar disorder2
ADHD symptomology4
Measure of Household Chaos ConstructCHAOS long form44
CHAOS short form42
CHAOS adapted10
Other – questionnaire and/or direct observation16
  1. Studies were included multiple times, for example, if the study was conducted in more than one country, or a manuscript reported results from more than one study. Where data were taken from a longitudinal cohort but analysis was only conducted at one time point, studies were classified as cross-sectional. Where location of study was not reported, location of the first author was used, and where studies investigated participants as parent-child dyads, families, or twin pairs, the unit of participants was used for sample size reporting (e.g. 5000 twin pairs was reported as a sample size of 5000, and 75 parent-child dyads was reported as a sample size of 75)
  2. TEDS Twins Early Development Study, FLP Family Life Project, MCS Millennium Cohort Study, NESS National Evaluation of Sure Start Impact Study, SECCYD Study of Early Child Care and Youth Development, SIBS Sisters and Brothers Study, NAPLAN Australian Twin Study of the National Assessment Program - Literacy and Numeracy, BIDS Ben-Gurio University Infant Developmental Study, ESM Early Steps Multisite project, FACES 2006 Family and Child Experiences Survey, 2006 cohort, PHDCN Project on Human Development in Chicago Neighbourhoods, L-CID Leiden Consortium on Individual Development, SIESTA Study of Infant’s Emergent Sleep TrAjectories, ADHD Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder, DRD4 Dopamine Receptor D4
  3. aN = 112 studies reported in 111 manuscripts