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Table 2 The modified SABA and the CUS scales. Stigmatising attitudes towards adolescent girls associated with abortion and contraceptive use among teachers (n = 15) and student peer-counsellors (n = 21). The answers are shown for the total and separated by sex

From: Social judgments on abortion and contraceptive use: a mixed methods study among secondary school teachers and student peer-counsellors in western Kenya

Items: The modified SABA scaleDisagree
Total*
(Female/Male)
Unsure
Total*
(Female/Male)
Agree
Total*
(Female/Male)
1A girl who has an abortion is committing a sin.7 (3/4)1 (1/0)28 (15/13)
2Once a girl has one abortion, she will make it a habit.20 (10/10)4 (2/2)12 (7/5)
3A married woman is more deserving of an abortion than an unmarried woman.32 (17/15)1 (1/0)3 (1/2)
4A girl who has an abortion cannot be trusted.25 (13/12)4 (3/1)7 (3/4)
5A girl who has an abortion brings shame to her family.12 (4/8)1 (1/0)23 (14/9)
6The health of a girl who has an abortion is never as good as it was before the abortion.7 (2/5)4 (3/1)24 (14/10)
7A girl who has an abortion is a bad mother.26 (15/11)6 (2/4)4 (2/2)
8A girl who has an abortion brings shame to her community.15 (8/7)2 (1/1)19 (10/9)
9A girl who has had an abortion should be prohibited from going to religious services.34 (18/16)2 (1/1)0
10A girl who has had an abortion should be prohibited from going to school.35 (19/16)1 (0/1)0
11A girl who has had an abortion should be teased so that she will be ashamed of her decision.30 (16/14)3 (1/2)3 (2/1)
12A girl should be disgraced in my community if she has had an abortion.33 (18/15)3 (1/2)0
13A man should not marry a woman who has had an abortion.32 (18/14)1 (1/0)2 (0/2)
14A girl who has had an abortion you should not be associated with.36 (19/17)00
15A girl who has had an abortion should be pointed fingers at to let others know what she did.35 (19/16)01 (0/1)
16A girl who has an abortion should not be treated the same as everyone else.32 (17/15)04 (2/2)
17A girl who has an abortion can make other people fall ill or get sick.34 (18/16)2 (1/1)0
18A girl who has had an abortion might be a bad influence on other girls.16 (9/7)2 (0/2)18 (10/8)
19A girl who has an abortion should be isolated from other people in the community for at least 4 weeks after having an abortion.33 (17/16)3 (2/1)0
20If a boy has sex with a girl who has had an abortion, he will become infected with a disease.31 (17/14)5 (2/3)0
Items: The CUS scaleDisagree
Total*
(Female/Male)
Unsure
Total*
(Female/Male)
Agree
Total*
(Female/Male)
21A girl who uses a contraceptive method is promiscuous (sexually immoral, likes to have many sexual partners).22 (12/10)6 (2/4)7 (5/2)
22A girl who uses a contraceptive method will encourage to a promiscuous lifestyle.21 (12/9)4 (2/2)10 (5/5)
23A girl cannot decide for herself if to use a contraceptive method.20 (12/8)2 (1/1)13 (6/7)
24A married woman is more deserving of a contraceptive method than an unmarried woman.18 (11/7)4 (3/1)13 (5/8)
25A girl who uses contraceptives will have problems when she decides to get pregnant.14 (7/7)9 (6/3)11 (6/5)
26A girl who carries condoms is likely to have many sexual partners.26 (12/14)4 (3/1)5 (4/1)
27A girl should not insist to use a condom, it is the man to decide whether to use a condom or not.33 (18/15)1 (1/0)1 (0/1)
  1. *The internal drop-out rate for each item varied between 0 and 2
  2. CUS Contraceptive Use Stigma; SABA Stigmatising Attitudes, Beliefs and Actions