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Table 3 Factors associated with exclusive breastfeeding multi-variable analysis among infants attending with their mothers

From: Are we doing enough? Improved breastfeeding practices at 14 weeks but challenges of non-initiation and early cessation of breastfeeding remain: findings of two consecutive cross-sectional surveys in KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa

 EBFTotalUnadjustedAdjusted
 (n = 2372)(n = 4447)OR95CIpOR95CIp
Studynwgt%N      
 Baseline190549.9%3659Ref  Ref  
 Endpoint46759.3%7881.46(1.1–2.0)0.021.63(1.2–2.3)0.005
Age group
 < 25117551.1%2238Ref  Ref  
 25–49119748.6%22090.90(0.7–1.2)0.520.84(0.6–1.2)0.30
Relationship with child’s father
 No23341.6%463ref  Ref  
 Yes213951.1%39841.47(0.7–3.0)0.301.32(0.7–2.3)0.34
Living in same house as child’s father
 No174748.9%3352Ref  Ref  
 Yes62552.9%10951.17(0.9–1.6)0.281.20(0.9–1.6)0.21
Mothers education
 < 12142150.8%2554Ref  Ref  
 1295148.2%18930.90(0.7–1.2)0.470.96(0.7–1.2)0.73
Mother returned to school or work
 No222054.1%3802Ref  Ref  
 Yes15222.2%6450.24(0.2–0.4)< 0.0010.25(0.2–0.4)< 0.001
Mother receives grant for any child
 No74943.1%1537Ref  Ref  
 Yes162353.1%29101.50(1.2–1.8)< 0.0011.32(1.1–1.6)0.004
Mothers HIV status
 Neg145050.9%2765Ref  Ref  
 Pos87548.4%15770.90(0.7–1.2)0.420.94(0.7–1.2)0.62
Place of residence
 Rural169256.0%3009Ref  Ref  
 Urban68044.0%14380.62(0.4–0.9)0.0190.73(0.5–1.1)0.14
Water source
 Unsafe52664.3%896Ref  Ref  
 Piped184645.7%35510.47(0.3–0.8)0.0020.65(0.4–1.1)0.14
Household electricity connection
 not connected51060.4%827Ref  Ref  
 connected186246.9%36200.58(0.4–0.8)< 0.0011.03(0.6–1.7)0.92
Cooking fuel
 Other93060.7%1555Ref  Ref  
 Electricity144242.8%28920.48(0.4–0.6)< 0.0010.60(0.4–0.9)0.028
Type of toilet
 Other182152.8%3287Ref  Ref  
 Flush55140.8%11600.62(0.5–0.8)0.0031.06(0.7–1.6)0.77
  1. Significant associations shown in bold text