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Table 4 Coefficients and Odds Ratios of Linear Growth Curve Models for Education, Gender and Cohort Effects on Self-Rated Health

From: Gender disparities in the education gradient in self-reported health across birth cohorts in China

  Full Sample Female Only Male Only
Model 1 Model 2 Model 3 Model 4 Model 5 Model 6 Model 7
Coef. O.R. P Coef. O.R. P Coef. O.R. P Coef. O.R. P Coef. O.R. P Coef. O.R. P Coef. O.R. P
Fixed Effect Component
For Intercept
 Intercept Mean 0.828 2.289 *** 0.697 2.008 *** 1.024 2.784 *** 1.162 3.195 *** −0.533 0.587 * −0.183 0.833   −0.673 0.510 +
 Age (Centered at 22) − 0.043 0.958 *** −0.041 0.959 *** −0.047 0.954 *** −0.046 0.955 *** − 0.040 0.961 *** − 0.053 0.948 *** −0.020 0.980 *
 Age Squared 0.001 1.001 *** 0.001 1.001 *** 0.001 1.001 *** 0.001 1.001 *** 0.001 1.001 *** 0.001 1.001 *** 0.001 1.001 **
 Male 0.399 1.490 *** 0.446 1.561 *** 0.392 1.480 *** 0.392 1.479 *** 0.384 1.469 ***       
 Education (Years) 0.091 1.095 *** 0.086 1.089 *** 0.085 1.088 *** 0.055 1.056 *** 0.038 1.039 ** 0.016 1.017   0.048 1.049 **
 Male*Education     −0.016 0.984 *** −0.006 0.994   −0.004 0.996   −0.005 0.995        
Cohort (Old China: 1908–38)
 New China:1939–46       −0.109 0.897   −0.171 0.843   −0.131 0.877   −0.147 0.863   −0.145 0.865  
 Lost Generation: 1947–55       −0.172 0.842   −0.241 0.786 + −0.184 0.832   −0.364 0.695 + 0.063 1.065  
 Early Cultural Revolution: 1956–60      −0.318 0.728 + −0.504 0.604 ** −0.435 0.648 * −0.724 0.485 ** 0.035 1.035  
 Late Cultural Revolution: 1961–66      −0.416 0.659 * −0.476 0.621 * −0.357 0.700 + −0.739 0.478 ** 0.290 1.336  
 Economic Reform: 1967–76       −0.420 0.657 + −0.709 0.492 ** −0.510 0.601 * −0.989 0.372 ** 0.242 1.274  
 Early Opening-Ups: 1977–83       −0.366 0.693   −0.702 0.496 * −0.388 0.678   −1.021 0.360 ** 0.546 1.726  
 Late Opening-Ups: 1984–94       −0.131 0.877   −0.127 0.881   0.246 1.279   −0.279 0.756   0.804 2.234  
Interaction: Education*Cohort
 Education*New China          0.016 1.016   0.021 1.022   0.038 1.038   0.025 1.025  
 Education*Lost Generation          0.013 1.013   0.017 1.017   0.040 1.040   0.004 1.004  
 Education*Early Cultural Revolution         0.038 1.038 * 0.045 1.046 ** 0.061 1.063 * 0.026 1.027  
 Education*Late Cultural Revolution         0.018 1.018   0.022 1.023   0.038 1.039   0.002 1.002  
 Education*Economic Reform         0.057 1.058 *** 0.059 1.061 *** 0.084 1.088 *** 0.033 1.033  
 Education*Early Opening-Ups         0.062 1.063 *** 0.058 1.059 ** 0.097 1.102 *** 0.022 1.022  
 Education*Late Opening-Ups         0.024 1.024   0.019 1.020   0.039 1.040   0.027 1.027  
 Family Income             0.157 1.170 *** 0.158 1.172 *** 0.155 1.168 ***
 Employed             0.262 1.299 *** 0.166 1.180 *** 0.393 1.481 ***
 Physical Exercise             0.050 1.051 *** 0.051 1.052 *** 0.049 1.051 **
For Linear Growth Rates or Slope (Timestamp = Survey Waves 2010–2016)
 Slope Mean − 0.009 2.289   −0.016 0.984 *** −0.059 0.943 + −0.057 0.945   0.048 1.049   0.016 1.016   0.113 1.119 +
 Age (Centered at 22) −0.001 0.999      0.001 1.001   0.001 1.001   0.000 1.000   0.002 1.002   −0.002 0.998  
 Male −0.002 0.998      0.016 1.016   0.016 1.016   0.017 1.017        
 Education (Years) −0.001 0.999      0.001 1.001   0.001 1.001   0.002 1.002   0.005 1.005   −0.003 0.997  
 Male*Education        −0.003 0.997 * −0.003 0.997 * −0.003 0.997 *       
Cohort (Old China: 1908–38)
 New China:1939–46       0.004 1.004   0.014 1.014   0.005 1.005   0.012 1.012   −0.002 0.998  
 Lost Generation: 1947–55       0.017 1.017   0.004 1.004   −0.014 0.986   0.011 1.011   −0.048 0.953  
 Early Cultural Revolution: 1956–60      0.035 1.036   0.044 1.045   0.020 1.020   0.072 1.075   −0.077 0.926  
 Late Cultural Revolution: 1961–66      0.051 1.052   0.031 1.032 + −0.002 0.998   0.036 1.037   −0.048 0.953  
 Economic Reform: 1967–76       0.076 1.079 + 0.084 1.087   0.040 1.041   0.099 1.104   −0.048 0.953  
 Early Opening-Ups: 1977–83       0.085 1.089   0.093 1.098   0.034 1.034   0.092 1.096   −0.060 0.942  
 Late Opening-Ups: 1984–94       0.022 1.023   0.048 1.050   −0.019 0.981   −0.024 0.976   0.054 1.055  
Interaction: Education*Cohort
 Education*New China          −0.003 0.997   −0.003 0.997   −0.005 0.995   −0.003 0.997  
 Education*Lost Generation          0.003 1.003   0.003 1.003   0.000 1.000   0.003 1.003  
 Education*Early Cultural Revolution         −0.002 0.998   −0.003 0.997   −0.006 0.994   0.002 1.002  
 Education*Late Cultural Revolution         0.003 1.003   0.002 1.002   −0.001 0.999   0.001 1.001  
 Education*Economic Reform         −0.002 0.998   −0.002 0.998   −0.007 0.993   0.000 1.000  
 Education*Early Opening-Ups         −0.002 0.998   − 0.002 0.998   −0.001 0.999   −0.004 0.996  
 Education*Late Opening-Ups         −0.003 0.997   −0.004 0.996   0.000 1.000   −0.018 0.982 *
 Family Income             −0.006 0.994   −0.007 0.993 + −0.004 0.996  
 Employed             −0.009 0.991 * − 0.006 0.994   −0.014 0.986  
 Physical Exercise             −0.008 0.992   − 0.008 0.992 ** −0.007 0.993 *
Total Variance 1.617 1.677*** 1.679*** 1.679*** 1.658*** 1.605*** 1.723***
Sample Size 100,608 51,395 49,213