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Table 2 Association of HAV infection with knowledge about viral hepatitis and practices

From: Risk factors for viral hepatitis A infection in Gampaha District, Sri Lanka: an unmatched case control study

 Cases (N = 252)
n (%)
Controls (N = 252)
n (%)
OR (95%CI)p value
Knowledge regarding viral hepatitis
 Poor knowledge92 (36.5)35 (13.9)3.56 (2.30–5.53) 
 Good knowledge160 (63.5)217 (86.1)<  0.001
Practices related to drinking water
 Unhygienic88 (34.9)54 (21.4)1.97 (1.32–2.93) 
 Hygienic164 (65.1)198 (78.6) 
Sanitary practices
 Unhygienic97 (38.5)53 (21.0)2.35 (1.58–3.49) 
 Hygienic155 (61.5)199 (79.0)<  0.001
Food practices
 Unhygienic110 (43.7)40 (15.9)4.10 (2.70–6.25) 
 Hygienic142 (56.3)212 (84.1)<  0.001
History of Hepatitis vaccination
 Not vaccinated41 (16.3)41 (16.3)1.0 (0.62–1.60) 
 Vaccinated211 (83.7)211 (8 3.7)1.0
  1. OR odds ratio, CI confidence interval