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Table 3 General characteristics of schoolchildren and availability of school meal (grades 1–5)

From: Home-grown school feeding: assessment of a pilot program in Nepal

 Grades 1–3Grades 4–5
Pilot (n = 387)Control (n = 390)p-valuePilot (n = 375)Control (n = 360)p-value
Age (years)7.67.70.75910.410.50.309
Gender (% of children)
 - Male49.650.30.91446.452.50.114
 - Female50.449.7 53.647.5 
Grade (% of children)
 - Grade 1–422.220.50.77352.548.30.287
 - Grade 2–536.736.2 47.551.7 
 - Grade 341.143.3    
Home language (% of children)
 - Nepali45.236.20.03540.533.60.082
 - Tamang25.629.2 25.333.1 
 - Tharu21.422.6 25.623.6 
 - Other7.812.1 8.59.7 
Living arrangement (% of children)
 - Extended family42.641.80.61842.741.70.620
 - Both parents48.351.3 46.949.7 
 - Single parent6.55.4 10.48.6 
 - Other2.61.5    
Receive school meal (% of children)
 - Yes100.085.1< 0.00199.583.3< 0.001
 - No0.014.9 0.516.7 
Frequency of school meals (% of children)
 - Never to not always14.532.3< 0.00124.050.0< 0.001
 - Every school day (6 times a week)85.567.7 76.050.0 
  1. Unpaired two-sided t-test used for age, Fisher’s exact test used for receive school meal, and Chi-square test used for all other variables