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Table 4 Qualitative and review studies of active Aging

From: Comprehensive 5P framework for active aging using the ecological approach: an iterative systematic review

1. [7] Delphi study over age 65 UK Accessible and affordable transportation,housing, healthcare, safety, and community involvement opportunities
2. [14] Realist synthesis (is a method of summarizing evidence for public policy) USA healthy Aging; mobility; neighborhood; public policy
3. [23] Systematic review 83 quantitative and qualitative studies UK Ethnicity and cultural norms, energy and motivation, sex, age, education, genetic heritage, self-efficacy, and personal financial circumstances, climate, level of pollution, street lighting, traffic conditions, accessibility and appropriateness of services and facilities, socio-economic conditions, aesthetics, pedestrian infrastructure, community life, exposure to antisocial behavior, social network participation, environmental degradation, level of urbanism, exposure to natural settings, familiarity with local environment and others. Recommendations for future research include the need for innovative research methods; involvement of older adults as research collaborators; investigation of wider aspects of the active Aging concept; in-depth assessment of the environmental characteristics of areas; investigation of the pathways leading from environment to health and activity participation.
4. [31] A Systematized Review of Qualitative Evidence 36peer-reviewed qualitative studies Canada Functional, aesthetic, destination, and safety built characteristics influence physical activity decision-making. Sociodemographic characteristics (age, sex, ethnicity, and socioeconomic status) also impacted the BE’s influence on physical activity
5. [32] Synthesizing literature USA Bonding, bridging and linking capital (Social inclusion)
6. [34] Systematic literature review aged 80 and over Quality of life, subjective well-being, aged, exercise, physical activity
7. [35] Grounded theory USA Body, person and societal level, the person-environment contextual factors
8. [44] Content-analyzed In 33 cities, partners conducted 158 focus groups with persons aged 60 years and older Global Age-Friendly Cities Outdoor spaces and buildings; transportation; housing; social participation; respect and social inclusion; civic participation and employment; communication and information; and community support and health services
9. [50] Qualitative approach 65 years of age or older Netherland Sensory, physical, neural and cognitive functions, housing, safe environment
10. [51] Systematic review using a meta-ethnographic approach - Social, behavioral, biological and psychological factors
11. [53] Design 60 years old or above Hong Kong Physical, mental and social wellbeing, health, mobility/ability, material circumstances, activities, happiness, youthfulness and living environment
12. [54] Literature review Hong Kong Open spaces, social needs
13. [55] Content-analyzed 57 countries   Public health security
14. [56] Experience design approach 65 years and over Australia Architectural design thinking; user-centric building design; environmental experience design; residential aged care facilities
15. [57] Critical review USA Health, functioning, and social participation, wellbeing
16. [59] Literature review 75 article USA Safety, microscale urban design elements, aesthetics, and convenience of facilities
17. [60] Literature review Czech Republic Satisfaction, landscape, function
18. [65] Qualitative approach USA Social, economic, demographic, and physical characteristics
19. [66] Systematic review 2039 article USA Disability Built environment Physical activity
20. [67] Concept study Australia Biological, psychological, behavioral, and social factors include development intensity, land use mix, fine grain economy, adaptability, permeability, streets, contact, visibility and horizontal grain, public realm, movement, green space and water space, landmarks, legibility, comfort, diversity, richness, continuity, contrast, intelligibility, interest, intimacy, openness, rhythm, texture, and human scale.
21. [68] Qualitative approach USA Neighborhood design and safety, housing, transportation, and mobility. Strategies to build capacity for policy change
22. [69] Systematic review aged 50 years and over Bremen, Germany Physical activity, Social inequalities
23. [70] Review Article Active and healthy living; features medical research
24. [72] Summative Review 172 review articles aged 65 or older Australia Physical activity
25. [73] Qualitative approach over 65 years old Portugal Irradiation, Connectivity, Conspicuous, Suitability/Convenience, Readability, Comfort
26. [79] Concept study over 65 years Poland Pensions and income. Economy and employment. Health care and other services. Rights of individuals. Housing and communities.
27. [84] Literature review USA Built environment, walking, and health
28. [86] Qualitative approach China Civic participation
29. [87] Concept study Herston, Australia gerontology, public health, environmental psychology, landscape architecture, and urban design personally meaningful outdoor activities, environmental attributes
30. [91] Structured review 1464 articles UK Health and social services, behavioral determinants, personal determinants, physical environment, social determinants and economic determinants income, health, housing, transport, living in the community, MAori cultural identity, access to facilities and services, attitudes, employment, and opportunities
31. [93] Literature Review 48 articles   Poor street condition, Heavy traffic, Public transit line nearby, Housing variable, Environmental barriers, Magnitude of accessibility problems, Housing satisfaction, Usability (Physical environmental aspects), Housing amenities,Satisfaction with home environment, Satisfaction with outdoor environment,Place attachment, Housing accessibility,Housing comfort, Neighborhood quality, Outdoor place,Life Satisfaction, Interior environment, Exterior environment, Residential satisfaction,Psychological wellbeing,Street noise, Safety from traffic, Park density, Train stations, …
32. [101] Concept study   Social, demographic, financial and political
33. [102] Concept study - Economic justice, satisfying, publicity,
34. [106] Concept study   Health, participation, Aging, and independence
35. [103] Technology-based information, generic ACTION participatory design model West Sweden Dementia; information and communication technology; participatory design; partnership working; user involvement
36. [104] Qualitative approach UK Inequalities; urban health; older people’s quality of life
37. [105] Qualitative research design
(Data derived from GPS tracking, travel diaries, brief questionnaires, and semi structured interviews were gathered)
13 people aged from 56 to 87 years Australia Choice of transportation and its relation to participation
38. [107] Concept study   Population health
39. [108] Qualitative analysis
Focus groups
questionnaire had 57 questions
Participants included 18 elderly (aged over 60), five family careers and five professionals
Netherland Participatory design, patient empowerment and cognitive usability
40. [109] Qualitative approach USA Social, physical, and political residential and business zoning, parks and recreation, transportation, public health, public safety, health services facilities, private sector investment, employment, and taxation
41. [111] Qualitative approach Hong Kong Perspectives of stakeholders—including policy makers, service providers, and elderly learner, quality of life and well-being,
42. [114] Literature review 32articles Australia ‘Age-friendly’, ‘elderly friendly’, ‘livable community’, ‘lifetime neighborhood’ and ‘community for all ages’.
43. [116] literature review   Public health, human well-being, green infrastructure, urban ecosystem, ecosystem health
44. [117] literature review 19 elderly residents (aged 65 years and over) Australia Social health; social life
45. [133] Qualitative approach Adults (66–97 years) Washington Policy, exercise, obesity, built environment, finite mixture modeling