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Table 5 Multivariate logistic regression to determine predictors of selected cardiovascular disease risk factors

From: The prevalence of selected non-communicable disease risk factors among HIV patients on anti-retroviral therapy in Bushbuckridge sub-district, Mpumalanga province

VariablesSmokingAlcohol consumptionHypertensionOverweightObesityWaist Circumference
Age
 18–34 yearsReference (1)Reference (1)Reference (1)Reference (1)Reference (1)Reference (1)
  ≥ 35 years1.7 (0.5–5.2) a0.4 (0.2–0.7)***1.9 (1.1–3.5)*
Gender
 FemaleReference (1)Reference (1)Reference (1)Reference (1)Reference (1)Reference (1)
 Male21.9 (7.7–62.1)***4.9 (2.7–8.9)***0.05 (0.02–0.1)***0.07 (0.02–0.3)***
Educational status
 HighReference (1)Reference (1)Reference (1)Reference (1)Reference (1)Reference (1)
 Low1.9 (0.6–5.8) a0.5 (0.3–0.9)*
Marital status
 MarriedReference (1)Reference (1)Reference (1)Reference (1)Reference (1)Reference (1)
 Single0.7 (0.2–2.5)a1.3 (0.8–2.4) a1.6 (0.7–3.5) a
 Cohabiting1.3 (0.4–4.9)a0.3 (0.1–1.1)a1.1 (0.4–2.9) a
 Divorced4.0 (0.7–21.7)a0.2 (0.03–1.7) a4.1 (1.3–12.7)*
 Separated0.9 (0.1–6.2) a0.9 (0.3–3.3) a0.6 (0.2–2.7) a
 Widowed0.8 (0.1–5.3) a1.3 (0.5–3.3) a0.9 (0.4–2.7) a
Work status
 WorkingReference (1)Reference (1)Reference (1)Reference (1)Reference (1)Reference (1)
 Not working
ART Regimen
 FDCReference (1)Reference (1)Reference (1)Reference (1)Reference (1)Reference (1)
 Dumiva and efavirenz0.3 (0.08–0.7)*1.8 (0.9–3.3)a2.4 (1.1–5.5)*3.4 (1.7–7.0)***
 Dumiva and alluvia0.7 (0.2–1.9)a3.2 (1.4–7.4)*0.9 (0.3–3.1)a1.2 (0.5–3.1)a
 Efavirenz and lamividine1.7 (0.1–28.4)a
 Tenamine and neverapine0.4 (0.08–1.8)a1.7 (0.6–4.3)a1.8 (0.5–5.6)a1.9 (0.7–5.3)a
 Alluvia and tenefovir1.5 (0.2–11.0)a1.9 (0.2–20.4)a2.8 (0.3–24.5)a
Duration of ART
  ≥ 5 yearsReference (1)Reference (1)Reference (1)Reference (1)Reference (1)Reference (1)
 3–4 years0.7 (0.3–1.6)a
  ≤ 2 years1.7 (0.9–3.1)a
  1. Values are reported as odds ratios (95%CI); * significant at p < 0.05; ** significant at p < 0.005; *** significant at p < 0.001, aNot significant
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