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Table 5 Multivariate logistic regression to determine predictors of selected cardiovascular disease risk factors

From: The prevalence of selected non-communicable disease risk factors among HIV patients on anti-retroviral therapy in Bushbuckridge sub-district, Mpumalanga province

Variables Smoking Alcohol consumption Hypertension Overweight Obesity Waist Circumference
Age
 18–34 years Reference (1) Reference (1) Reference (1) Reference (1) Reference (1) Reference (1)
  ≥ 35 years 1.7 (0.5–5.2) a 0.4 (0.2–0.7)*** 1.9 (1.1–3.5)*
Gender
 Female Reference (1) Reference (1) Reference (1) Reference (1) Reference (1) Reference (1)
 Male 21.9 (7.7–62.1)*** 4.9 (2.7–8.9)*** 0.05 (0.02–0.1)*** 0.07 (0.02–0.3)***
Educational status
 High Reference (1) Reference (1) Reference (1) Reference (1) Reference (1) Reference (1)
 Low 1.9 (0.6–5.8) a 0.5 (0.3–0.9)*
Marital status
 Married Reference (1) Reference (1) Reference (1) Reference (1) Reference (1) Reference (1)
 Single 0.7 (0.2–2.5)a 1.3 (0.8–2.4) a 1.6 (0.7–3.5) a
 Cohabiting 1.3 (0.4–4.9)a 0.3 (0.1–1.1)a 1.1 (0.4–2.9) a
 Divorced 4.0 (0.7–21.7)a 0.2 (0.03–1.7) a 4.1 (1.3–12.7)*
 Separated 0.9 (0.1–6.2) a 0.9 (0.3–3.3) a 0.6 (0.2–2.7) a
 Widowed 0.8 (0.1–5.3) a 1.3 (0.5–3.3) a 0.9 (0.4–2.7) a
Work status
 Working Reference (1) Reference (1) Reference (1) Reference (1) Reference (1) Reference (1)
 Not working
ART Regimen
 FDC Reference (1) Reference (1) Reference (1) Reference (1) Reference (1) Reference (1)
 Dumiva and efavirenz 0.3 (0.08–0.7)* 1.8 (0.9–3.3)a 2.4 (1.1–5.5)* 3.4 (1.7–7.0)***
 Dumiva and alluvia 0.7 (0.2–1.9)a 3.2 (1.4–7.4)* 0.9 (0.3–3.1)a 1.2 (0.5–3.1)a
 Efavirenz and lamividine 1.7 (0.1–28.4)a
 Tenamine and neverapine 0.4 (0.08–1.8)a 1.7 (0.6–4.3)a 1.8 (0.5–5.6)a 1.9 (0.7–5.3)a
 Alluvia and tenefovir 1.5 (0.2–11.0)a 1.9 (0.2–20.4)a 2.8 (0.3–24.5)a
Duration of ART
  ≥ 5 years Reference (1) Reference (1) Reference (1) Reference (1) Reference (1) Reference (1)
 3–4 years 0.7 (0.3–1.6)a
  ≤ 2 years 1.7 (0.9–3.1)a
  1. Values are reported as odds ratios (95%CI); * significant at p < 0.05; ** significant at p < 0.005; *** significant at p < 0.001, aNot significant