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Table 2 Estimated prevalence (%) of major depressive disorder (MDD) and generalized anxiety disorder (GAD) among Chinese adults

From: Gender-specific prevalence and associated factors of major depressive disorder and generalized anxiety disorder in a Chinese rural population: the Henan rural cohort study

VariableTotalMenWomen
MDD (n = 583)GAD (n = 481)MDD (n = 583)GAD (n = 481)MDD (n = 1209)GAD (n = 1178)
Prevalence (95%CI)Prevalence (95%CI)Prevalence (95%CI)Prevalence (95%CI)Prevalence (95%CI)Prevalence (95%CI)
Age
 18~4.31 (3.09–5.53)3.37 (2.29–4.46)5.01 (2.86–7.16)3.26 (1.51–5.01)3.89 (2.43–5.35)3.44 (2.05–4.82)
 30~5.22 (4.31–6.12)4.91 (4.03–5.79)5.68 (4.12–7.24)4.26 (2.90–5.62)4.99 (3.88–6.11)5.27 (4.12–6.41)
 40~5.77 (5.15–6.39)5.71 (5.10–6.33)5.11 (4.16–6.07)4.48 (3.58–5.37)6.18 (5.37–6.99)6.44 (5.62–7.27)
 50~6.04 (5.52–6.55)6.01 (5.50–6.52)4.32 (3.61–5.04)4.01 (3.32–4.69)7.14 (6.44–7.84)7.27 (6.57–7.98)
 60~6.12 (5.63–6.61)5.35 (4.89–5.81)4.47 (3.83–5.11)3.63 (3.05–4.21)7.46 (6.740–8.18)6.75 (6.06–7.44)
 70~6.50 (5.70–7.29)5.58 (4.84–6.32)5.34 (4.29–6.40)3.85 (2.95–4.76)7.68 (6.51–8.85)7.07 (5.95–820)
P0.0530.0060.3500.638< 0.0010.001
P trend0.0020.1250.5590.380< 0.0010.001
Marital status
 Married/ cohabiting5.82 (5.55–6.10)5.43 (5.16–5.70)4.56 (4.17–4.95)3.84 (3.48–4.20)6.70 (6.31–7.09)6.54 (6.16–6.93)
 Widowed/single/divorced7.35 (6.41–8.29)6.37 (5.49–7.26)6.71 (5.28–8.13)4.78 (3.57–5.99)7.79 (6.53–9.04)7.45 (6.22–8.68)
P0.0010.0360.0010.1140.0850.148
Education level
 Primary school or below7.19 (6.75–7.63)6.67 (6.24–7.09)5.75 (5.03–6.46)4.50 (3.87–5.14)7.83 (7.28–8.38)7.64 (7.10–8.18)
 Junior high school or above5.01 (4.68–5.34)4.62 (4.31–4.94)4.27 (3.83–4.71)3.65 (3.24–4.05)5.72 (5.22–6.21)5.55 (5.07–6.04)
P< 0.001< 0.001< 0.0010.022< 0.001< 0.001
Per capita monthly income
  < 5007.80 (7.29–8.30)6.75 (6.28–7.23)6.19 (5.48–6.90)4.54 (3.93–5.15)9.00 (8.29–9.70)8.30 (7.63–8.98)
 500~4.97 (4.53–5.41)4.80 (4.37–5.23)3.87 (3.25–4.49)3.50 (2.91–4.09)5.74 (5.13–6.34)5.70 (5.10–6.30)
  ≥ 10004.83 (4.40–5.26)4.86 (4.43–5.29)4.01 (3.40–4.62)3.66 (3.08–4.24)5.44 (4.85–6.03)5.70 (5.10-)6.30
P< 0.001< 0.001< 0.0010.030< 0.001< 0.001
P trend< 0.001< 0.001< 0.0010.034< 0.001< 0.001
Current smoking
 No6.26 (5.96–6.57)5.93 (5.63–6.23)4.88 (4.35–5.42)4.02 (3.54–4.51)6.80 (6.43–7.17)6.62 (6.25–6.98)
 Yes4.68 (4.15–5.21)3.91 (3.42–4.40)4.64 (4.11–5.18)3.84 (3.35–4.32)9.62 (1.33–17.90)11.54 (2.56–20.52)
P< 0.001< 0.0010.5290.5980.4210.155
Current drinking
 No6.35 (6.04–6.65)5.91 (5.62–6.21)5.37 (4.86–5.89)4.29 (3.82–4.75)6.80 (6.43–7.18)6.62 (6.25–6.98)
 Yes4.04 (3.51–4.58)3.68 (3.17–4.19)3.85 (3.31–4.39)3.40 (2.89–3.91)6.96 (4.26–9.65)7.54 (4.74–10.34)
P< 0.001< 0.001< 0.0010.0130.9120.496
Physical activity
 Low6.35 (5.86–6.84)4.87 (4.44–5.31)5.35 (4.67–6.03)3.82 (3.24–4.39)7.13 (6.43–7.82)5.72 (5.09–6.34)
 Moderate5.89 (5.45–6.3305.76 (5.32–6.20)4.80 (4.09–5.52)4.07 (3.41–4.74)6.45 (5.90–7.01)6.64 (6.08–7.20)
 High5.64 (5.17–6.11)5.80 (5.33–6.28)4.19 (3.61–4.78)3.93 (3.37–4.50)7.01 (6.30–7.73)7.63 (6.89–8.380
P0.1320.0030.0390.8480.2610.001
P trend0.0450.0040.0110.7930.787< 0.001
Chronic diseases history
 No5.52 (5.11–5.93)5.31 (4.90–5.71)4.68 (4.07–5.30)4.11 (3.54–4.69)6.11 (5.56–6.66)6.19 (5.64–6.74)
 Yes6.25 (5.89–6.60)5.61 (5.27–5.95)4.82 (4.34–5.29)3.82 (3.39–4.25)7.30 (6.80–7.80)6.95 (6.46–7.43)
P0.0140.3980.7390.4240.0020.046
Body-mass index
 Underweight6.22 (5.80–6.65)5.91 (4.24–7.56)8.19 (5.27–11.11)5.85 (3.35–8.35)9.15 (6.44–11.87)5.95 (3.72–8.18)
 Normal8.73 (6.75–10.71)6.07 (5.65–6.49)5.23 (4.63–5.82)4.33 (3.78–4.87)6.98 (6.39–7.58)7.39 (6.78–8.01)
 Overweight5.60 (5.19–6.02)5.34 (4.93–5.75)4.37 (3.78–4.96)3.75 (3.20–4.30)6.42 (5.84–6.99)6.39 (5.82–6.96)
 Obesity5.62 (4.99–6.26)4.56 (3.99–5.14)3.63 (2.78–4.48)2.93 (2.17–3.70)6.79 (5.92–7.66)5.51 (4.72–6.30)
P0.0010.001< 0.0010.0120.1200.003
P trend0.003< 0.001< 0.0010.0010.1800.001