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Table 2 Estimated prevalence (%) of major depressive disorder (MDD) and generalized anxiety disorder (GAD) among Chinese adults

From: Gender-specific prevalence and associated factors of major depressive disorder and generalized anxiety disorder in a Chinese rural population: the Henan rural cohort study

Variable

Total

Men

Women

MDD (n = 583)

GAD (n = 481)

MDD (n = 583)

GAD (n = 481)

MDD (n = 1209)

GAD (n = 1178)

Prevalence (95%CI)

Prevalence (95%CI)

Prevalence (95%CI)

Prevalence (95%CI)

Prevalence (95%CI)

Prevalence (95%CI)

Age

 18~

4.31 (3.09–5.53)

3.37 (2.29–4.46)

5.01 (2.86–7.16)

3.26 (1.51–5.01)

3.89 (2.43–5.35)

3.44 (2.05–4.82)

 30~

5.22 (4.31–6.12)

4.91 (4.03–5.79)

5.68 (4.12–7.24)

4.26 (2.90–5.62)

4.99 (3.88–6.11)

5.27 (4.12–6.41)

 40~

5.77 (5.15–6.39)

5.71 (5.10–6.33)

5.11 (4.16–6.07)

4.48 (3.58–5.37)

6.18 (5.37–6.99)

6.44 (5.62–7.27)

 50~

6.04 (5.52–6.55)

6.01 (5.50–6.52)

4.32 (3.61–5.04)

4.01 (3.32–4.69)

7.14 (6.44–7.84)

7.27 (6.57–7.98)

 60~

6.12 (5.63–6.61)

5.35 (4.89–5.81)

4.47 (3.83–5.11)

3.63 (3.05–4.21)

7.46 (6.740–8.18)

6.75 (6.06–7.44)

 70~

6.50 (5.70–7.29)

5.58 (4.84–6.32)

5.34 (4.29–6.40)

3.85 (2.95–4.76)

7.68 (6.51–8.85)

7.07 (5.95–820)

P

0.053

0.006

0.350

0.638

< 0.001

0.001

P trend

0.002

0.125

0.559

0.380

< 0.001

0.001

Marital status

 Married/ cohabiting

5.82 (5.55–6.10)

5.43 (5.16–5.70)

4.56 (4.17–4.95)

3.84 (3.48–4.20)

6.70 (6.31–7.09)

6.54 (6.16–6.93)

 Widowed/single/divorced

7.35 (6.41–8.29)

6.37 (5.49–7.26)

6.71 (5.28–8.13)

4.78 (3.57–5.99)

7.79 (6.53–9.04)

7.45 (6.22–8.68)

P

0.001

0.036

0.001

0.114

0.085

0.148

Education level

 Primary school or below

7.19 (6.75–7.63)

6.67 (6.24–7.09)

5.75 (5.03–6.46)

4.50 (3.87–5.14)

7.83 (7.28–8.38)

7.64 (7.10–8.18)

 Junior high school or above

5.01 (4.68–5.34)

4.62 (4.31–4.94)

4.27 (3.83–4.71)

3.65 (3.24–4.05)

5.72 (5.22–6.21)

5.55 (5.07–6.04)

P

< 0.001

< 0.001

< 0.001

0.022

< 0.001

< 0.001

Per capita monthly income

  < 500

7.80 (7.29–8.30)

6.75 (6.28–7.23)

6.19 (5.48–6.90)

4.54 (3.93–5.15)

9.00 (8.29–9.70)

8.30 (7.63–8.98)

 500~

4.97 (4.53–5.41)

4.80 (4.37–5.23)

3.87 (3.25–4.49)

3.50 (2.91–4.09)

5.74 (5.13–6.34)

5.70 (5.10–6.30)

  ≥ 1000

4.83 (4.40–5.26)

4.86 (4.43–5.29)

4.01 (3.40–4.62)

3.66 (3.08–4.24)

5.44 (4.85–6.03)

5.70 (5.10-)6.30

P

< 0.001

< 0.001

< 0.001

0.030

< 0.001

< 0.001

P trend

< 0.001

< 0.001

< 0.001

0.034

< 0.001

< 0.001

Current smoking

 No

6.26 (5.96–6.57)

5.93 (5.63–6.23)

4.88 (4.35–5.42)

4.02 (3.54–4.51)

6.80 (6.43–7.17)

6.62 (6.25–6.98)

 Yes

4.68 (4.15–5.21)

3.91 (3.42–4.40)

4.64 (4.11–5.18)

3.84 (3.35–4.32)

9.62 (1.33–17.90)

11.54 (2.56–20.52)

P

< 0.001

< 0.001

0.529

0.598

0.421

0.155

Current drinking

 No

6.35 (6.04–6.65)

5.91 (5.62–6.21)

5.37 (4.86–5.89)

4.29 (3.82–4.75)

6.80 (6.43–7.18)

6.62 (6.25–6.98)

 Yes

4.04 (3.51–4.58)

3.68 (3.17–4.19)

3.85 (3.31–4.39)

3.40 (2.89–3.91)

6.96 (4.26–9.65)

7.54 (4.74–10.34)

P

< 0.001

< 0.001

< 0.001

0.013

0.912

0.496

Physical activity

 Low

6.35 (5.86–6.84)

4.87 (4.44–5.31)

5.35 (4.67–6.03)

3.82 (3.24–4.39)

7.13 (6.43–7.82)

5.72 (5.09–6.34)

 Moderate

5.89 (5.45–6.330

5.76 (5.32–6.20)

4.80 (4.09–5.52)

4.07 (3.41–4.74)

6.45 (5.90–7.01)

6.64 (6.08–7.20)

 High

5.64 (5.17–6.11)

5.80 (5.33–6.28)

4.19 (3.61–4.78)

3.93 (3.37–4.50)

7.01 (6.30–7.73)

7.63 (6.89–8.380

P

0.132

0.003

0.039

0.848

0.261

0.001

P trend

0.045

0.004

0.011

0.793

0.787

< 0.001

Chronic diseases history

 No

5.52 (5.11–5.93)

5.31 (4.90–5.71)

4.68 (4.07–5.30)

4.11 (3.54–4.69)

6.11 (5.56–6.66)

6.19 (5.64–6.74)

 Yes

6.25 (5.89–6.60)

5.61 (5.27–5.95)

4.82 (4.34–5.29)

3.82 (3.39–4.25)

7.30 (6.80–7.80)

6.95 (6.46–7.43)

P

0.014

0.398

0.739

0.424

0.002

0.046

Body-mass index

 Underweight

6.22 (5.80–6.65)

5.91 (4.24–7.56)

8.19 (5.27–11.11)

5.85 (3.35–8.35)

9.15 (6.44–11.87)

5.95 (3.72–8.18)

 Normal

8.73 (6.75–10.71)

6.07 (5.65–6.49)

5.23 (4.63–5.82)

4.33 (3.78–4.87)

6.98 (6.39–7.58)

7.39 (6.78–8.01)

 Overweight

5.60 (5.19–6.02)

5.34 (4.93–5.75)

4.37 (3.78–4.96)

3.75 (3.20–4.30)

6.42 (5.84–6.99)

6.39 (5.82–6.96)

 Obesity

5.62 (4.99–6.26)

4.56 (3.99–5.14)

3.63 (2.78–4.48)

2.93 (2.17–3.70)

6.79 (5.92–7.66)

5.51 (4.72–6.30)

P

0.001

0.001

< 0.001

0.012

0.120

0.003

P trend

0.003

< 0.001

< 0.001

0.001

0.180

0.001