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Table 1 Sociodemographic characteristics of the total sample

From: Mental health among immigrants in Germany – the impact of self-attribution and attribution by others as an immigrant

 German natives
N = 2069 (89.3%)
Immigrants
N = 248 (10.7%)
χ2
Age64.36***
M / SD50.6 / 17.641.2 / 14.6
 14–34 years467 (22.6%)92 (37.1%)
 35–60 years943 (45.6%)135 (54.4%)
 ab 61 years659 (31.9%)21 (8.5%)
Sex0.39
 Male958 (46.3%)120 (48.4%)
 Female1111 (53.7%)128 (51.6%)
Marital status23.97***
 Married988 (47.7%)104 (41.9%)
 Single581 (28.1%)92 (37.1%)
 Divorced286 (13.8%)45 (18.1%)
 Widowed207 (10.0%)7 (2.8%)
 Missing7 (0.3%)
Partnership1.23
 Yes1174 (56.7%)131 (52.8%)
 No879 (42.5%)114 (46.0%)
 Missing16 (0.8%)3 (1.2%)
Education3.571
 A-level450 (21.7%)67 (27.0%)
 Non A-level1612 (77.9%)180 (72.6%)
 Missing7 (0.3%)1 (0.4%)
Employment status24.25***
 Employed1958 (94.6%)217 (87.5%)
 Unemployed95 (4.6%)30 (12.1%)
 Missing16 (0.8%)1 (0.4%)
Household income2.39
 < 750 Euro64 (3.1%)10 (4.0%)
 750–1250 Euro272 (13.1%)31 (12.5%)
 1250–2000 Euro451 (21.8%)61 (24.6%)
 > 2000 Euro1206 (58.3%)132 (53.2%)
 Missing76 (3.7%)14 (5.6%)
Area of residence9.04**
 Rural area268 (13.0%)18 (7.3%)
 Small city200 (9.7%)18 (7.3%)
 Metropolis1.601 (77.4%)212 (85.5%)
PTSD0.23
 Yes102 (4.9%)14 (5.6%)
 No1945 (94.0%)232 (93.5%)
 Missing22 (1.1%)2 (0.8%)
Anxiety2.70
 Yes148 (7.2%)25 (10.1%)
 No1915 (92.6%)223 (89.9%)
 Missing6 (0.3%)
Depression0.35
 Yes146 (7.1%)20 (8.1%)
 No1911 (92.4%)226 (91.1%)
 Missing12 (0.6%)2 (0.8%)
  1. ***p < .001; **p < .01; 1p = .059
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