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Table 2 Unadjusted associations between dental caries and characteristics of Hispanic children residing in the United States (unweighted n = 9143)

From: Acculturation and the oral health of a nationally representative sample of Hispanic children in the United States: an analysis of 2011–2012 National Survey of Children’s Health data

  Total Sample (Column %) Dental Caries in Past Year (Row %) p-value
Had Dental Caries No Dental Caries
Unweighted N n = 9143 n = 2019 n = 7124  
Total Sample of Hispanic Children 100 24.9 1 (22.9, 27.0) 75.10 (73.0, 77.1)
Acculturation Group
 Low Acculturation 49.28 (46.9, 51.6) 32.03 (28.9, 35.4) 67.97 (64.6, 71.1) < 0.001
 Moderate Acculturation 16.37 (14.8, 18.1) 20.31 (16.0, 25.4) 79.69 (74.6, 84.0)
 High Acculturation 34.35 (32.2, 36.6) 16.88 (14.2, 20.0) 83.12 (80.0, 85.8)
Age Range: Dentition Status
 1–5: Deciduous Dentition 30.65 (28.6, 32.8) 14.32 (11.6, 17.6) 85.68 (82.4, 88.4) < 0.001
 6–12: Transitional Dentition 44.22 (41.9, 46.6) 32.38 (29.1, 35.8) 67.62 (64.2, 70.9)
 13–17: Permanent Dentition 25.12 (23.1, 27.2) 24.67 (20.8, 29.0) 75.32 (71.0, 79.2)
Sex
 Male 51.6 (49.3, 54.0) 23.98 (21.2, 27.0) 76.02 (73.0, 78.8) 0.361
 Female 48.4 (46.0, 50.7) 25.90 (23.1, 29.0) 74.10 (71.0, 76.9)
Race
 White 58.75 (56.4, 61.1) 23.93 (21.4, 26.6) 76.07 (73.4, 78.6) 0.275
 Black 3.81 (3.0, 4.8) 20.78 (13.2, 31.2) 79.22 (68.8, 86.9)
 Other 37.43 (35.1, 39.8) 26.87 (23.4, 30.6) 73.13 (69.4, 76.5)
Federal Poverty Level (FPL)
 <=100% FPL 35.47 (32.3, 37.7) 29.11 (25.8, 32.7) 70.89 (67.3, 74.2) < 0.001
 > 100–150% FPL 16.27 (14.6, 18.1) 32.30 (26.9, 38.2) 67.71 (61.8, 73.1)
 > 150–200% FPL 12.26 (10.7,14.0) 28.91 (22.8, 36.0) 71.09 (64.0, 77.2)
 > 200–400% FPL 21.82 (19.9, 24.0) 19.71 (15.7, 24.4) 80.28 (75.6, 84.3)
 > 400% FPL 14.17 (12.7, 15.7) 10.44 (8.0, 13.5) 89.56 (86.5, 92.0)
Parent/Guardian Education Status
 Not High School Graduate 50.54 (48.2, 52.9) 30.29 (27.1, 33.7) 69.71 (66.3, 72.9) < 0.001
 High School Graduate 23.36 (21.5, 25.4) 19.58 (27.1, 33.7) 80.41 (76.6, 83.7)
 Education Beyond High School 26.09 (24.2, 28.1) 19.26 (16.3, 23.4) 80.74 (77.3, 83.8)
Neighborhood Maintenance
 No Dilapidated Housing 82.23 (80.4, 83.9) 23.78 (21.6, 26.1) 76.22 (73.9, 78.4) 0.018
 Has Dilapidated Housing 17.77 (16.1, 19.6) 30.14 (25.4, 35.4) 69.86 (64.3, 74.6)
Health Insurance
 No Insurance 9.87 (8.5, 11.4) 27.43 (21.0, 34.9) 72.57 (65.1, 79.0) 0.044
 Insurance 9.01 (88.6, 91.5) 24.63 (22.5, 26.9) 75.68 (73.1, 77.5)
Past Year Dental Visit
 No Dental Visit 24.15 (22.2, 26.2) 10.40 (8.0, 13.4) 89.60 (85.7, 92.0) <.0001
 Had Dental Visit 75.85 (73.8, 77.8) 29.53 (27.1, 32.1) 70.47 (67.9, 72.9)
Household Structure
 2 Biological or Adoptive Parents 66.51 (64.3, 68.7) 23.49 (21.1, 26.0) 76.51 (74.0, 78.9) 0.159
 2 Parents and 1 is a Stepparent 9.51 (8.2, 11.0) 29.38 (22.6, 37.3) 70.62 (62.7, 77.4)
 Single Mother 20.44 (18.7, 22.3) 28.46 (24.1, 33.2) 71.54 (66.8, 75.9)
 Other 3.55 (2.7, 4.7) 19.10 (9.4, 35.0) 80.91 (65.0, 90.6)
Number Children in Household (HH)
 1 Child in HH 19.50 (17.9, 21.2) 21.25 (17.5, 25.6) 78.75 (74.2, 82.5) 0.067
 > 1 Child in HH 80.50 (78.8, 82.1) 25.79 (23.5, 28.2) 74.21 (71.8, 76.5)
Neighbors Help Each Other
 Strongly Agree 34.29 (32.1, 36.5) 24.30 (21.0, 27.9) 75.70 (72.1, 79.0) 0.3482
 Somewhat Agree 44.67 (42.4, 47.0) 23.98 (21.1, 27.2) 76.02 (72.8, 78.9)
 Disagree 21.03 (19.2, 23.0) 27.87 (23.4, 32.9) 72.13 (67.1, 76.6)  
Child with Special Healthcare Needs (CSHN)
 Not CSHN 83.35 (81.6, 85.0) 24.16 (22.0, 26.5) 75.84 (73.5, 78.0) 0.111
 CSHN 16.65 (15.0, 18.4) 28.65 (23.7, 34.2) 71.35 (65.8, 76.2)
Parent/Guardians‘ Health Status
 All Excellent or Good 74.64 (72.6, 76.6) 21.26 (19.1, 23.6) 78.74 (76.2, 81.9) < 0.001
 ≥1 Fair or Poor 25.36 (23.4, 27.4) 35.65 (31.2, 40.3) 64.35 (59.7, 68.8)
  1. Data are from the 2010–2011 National Survey of Children’s Health (NSHS) and include a sample of Hispanic children ages 1 to 17 residing in the United States. All estimates account for NSCH weighting and complex sampling design and thus are nationally representative. Percentages and 95% confidence intervals given. Unadjusted differences in proportion with dental caries were tested with chi-square tests; p-values given