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Table 2 Unadjusted associations between dental caries and characteristics of Hispanic children residing in the United States (unweighted n = 9143)

From: Acculturation and the oral health of a nationally representative sample of Hispanic children in the United States: an analysis of 2011–2012 National Survey of Children’s Health data

 Total Sample (Column %)Dental Caries in Past Year (Row %)p-value
Had Dental CariesNo Dental Caries
Unweighted Nn = 9143n = 2019n = 7124 
Total Sample of Hispanic Children10024.9 1 (22.9, 27.0)75.10 (73.0, 77.1)
Acculturation Group
 Low Acculturation49.28 (46.9, 51.6)32.03 (28.9, 35.4)67.97 (64.6, 71.1)< 0.001
 Moderate Acculturation16.37 (14.8, 18.1)20.31 (16.0, 25.4)79.69 (74.6, 84.0)
 High Acculturation34.35 (32.2, 36.6)16.88 (14.2, 20.0)83.12 (80.0, 85.8)
Age Range: Dentition Status
 1–5: Deciduous Dentition30.65 (28.6, 32.8)14.32 (11.6, 17.6)85.68 (82.4, 88.4)< 0.001
 6–12: Transitional Dentition44.22 (41.9, 46.6)32.38 (29.1, 35.8)67.62 (64.2, 70.9)
 13–17: Permanent Dentition25.12 (23.1, 27.2)24.67 (20.8, 29.0)75.32 (71.0, 79.2)
Sex
 Male51.6 (49.3, 54.0)23.98 (21.2, 27.0)76.02 (73.0, 78.8)0.361
 Female48.4 (46.0, 50.7)25.90 (23.1, 29.0)74.10 (71.0, 76.9)
Race
 White58.75 (56.4, 61.1)23.93 (21.4, 26.6)76.07 (73.4, 78.6)0.275
 Black3.81 (3.0, 4.8)20.78 (13.2, 31.2)79.22 (68.8, 86.9)
 Other37.43 (35.1, 39.8)26.87 (23.4, 30.6)73.13 (69.4, 76.5)
Federal Poverty Level (FPL)
 <=100% FPL35.47 (32.3, 37.7)29.11 (25.8, 32.7)70.89 (67.3, 74.2)< 0.001
 > 100–150% FPL16.27 (14.6, 18.1)32.30 (26.9, 38.2)67.71 (61.8, 73.1)
 > 150–200% FPL12.26 (10.7,14.0)28.91 (22.8, 36.0)71.09 (64.0, 77.2)
 > 200–400% FPL21.82 (19.9, 24.0)19.71 (15.7, 24.4)80.28 (75.6, 84.3)
 > 400% FPL14.17 (12.7, 15.7)10.44 (8.0, 13.5)89.56 (86.5, 92.0)
Parent/Guardian Education Status
 Not High School Graduate50.54 (48.2, 52.9)30.29 (27.1, 33.7)69.71 (66.3, 72.9)< 0.001
 High School Graduate23.36 (21.5, 25.4)19.58 (27.1, 33.7)80.41 (76.6, 83.7)
 Education Beyond High School26.09 (24.2, 28.1)19.26 (16.3, 23.4)80.74 (77.3, 83.8)
Neighborhood Maintenance
 No Dilapidated Housing82.23 (80.4, 83.9)23.78 (21.6, 26.1)76.22 (73.9, 78.4)0.018
 Has Dilapidated Housing17.77 (16.1, 19.6)30.14 (25.4, 35.4)69.86 (64.3, 74.6)
Health Insurance
 No Insurance9.87 (8.5, 11.4)27.43 (21.0, 34.9)72.57 (65.1, 79.0)0.044
 Insurance9.01 (88.6, 91.5)24.63 (22.5, 26.9)75.68 (73.1, 77.5)
Past Year Dental Visit
 No Dental Visit24.15 (22.2, 26.2)10.40 (8.0, 13.4)89.60 (85.7, 92.0)<.0001
 Had Dental Visit75.85 (73.8, 77.8)29.53 (27.1, 32.1)70.47 (67.9, 72.9)
Household Structure
 2 Biological or Adoptive Parents66.51 (64.3, 68.7)23.49 (21.1, 26.0)76.51 (74.0, 78.9)0.159
 2 Parents and 1 is a Stepparent9.51 (8.2, 11.0)29.38 (22.6, 37.3)70.62 (62.7, 77.4)
 Single Mother20.44 (18.7, 22.3)28.46 (24.1, 33.2)71.54 (66.8, 75.9)
 Other3.55 (2.7, 4.7)19.10 (9.4, 35.0)80.91 (65.0, 90.6)
Number Children in Household (HH)
 1 Child in HH19.50 (17.9, 21.2)21.25 (17.5, 25.6)78.75 (74.2, 82.5)0.067
 > 1 Child in HH80.50 (78.8, 82.1)25.79 (23.5, 28.2)74.21 (71.8, 76.5)
Neighbors Help Each Other
 Strongly Agree34.29 (32.1, 36.5)24.30 (21.0, 27.9)75.70 (72.1, 79.0)0.3482
 Somewhat Agree44.67 (42.4, 47.0)23.98 (21.1, 27.2)76.02 (72.8, 78.9)
 Disagree21.03 (19.2, 23.0)27.87 (23.4, 32.9)72.13 (67.1, 76.6) 
Child with Special Healthcare Needs (CSHN)
 Not CSHN83.35 (81.6, 85.0)24.16 (22.0, 26.5)75.84 (73.5, 78.0)0.111
 CSHN16.65 (15.0, 18.4)28.65 (23.7, 34.2)71.35 (65.8, 76.2)
Parent/Guardians‘ Health Status
 All Excellent or Good74.64 (72.6, 76.6)21.26 (19.1, 23.6)78.74 (76.2, 81.9)< 0.001
 ≥1 Fair or Poor25.36 (23.4, 27.4)35.65 (31.2, 40.3)64.35 (59.7, 68.8)
  1. Data are from the 2010–2011 National Survey of Children’s Health (NSHS) and include a sample of Hispanic children ages 1 to 17 residing in the United States. All estimates account for NSCH weighting and complex sampling design and thus are nationally representative. Percentages and 95% confidence intervals given. Unadjusted differences in proportion with dental caries were tested with chi-square tests; p-values given