Skip to main content

Table 6 Intestinal parasitic infections change during follow-up across the different study arms in Dolakha and Ramechhap districts, Nepal (March-May 2015 versus June 2016)

From: Nutritional and health status of children 15 months after integrated school garden, nutrition, and water, sanitation and hygiene interventions: a cluster-randomised controlled trial in Nepal

OutcomesEnd-line (June 2016)Effect of SG-intervention (95% CI)bp-valueEffect of combined intervention (SG+) (95% CI)bp-value
Control (n = 151/118)a (%)SG-intervention (n = 109/55)a (%)Combined intervention (SG+) (n = 120/71)a (%)
Persistence of overall intestinal parasitic infections54 (45.8)17 (30.9)6 (8.4)0.71 (0.30–1.69)0.440.14 (0.01–0.68)< 0.01
Persistence of overall intestinal protozoa infection9 (10.3)4 (9.1)0 (0.0)0.69 (0.15–3.25)0.64n/an/a
Persistence of overall soil-transmitted helminth infections56 (47.5)15 (28.3)7 (10.3)0.54 (0.21–1.41)0.210.20 (0.05–0.82)0.03
Persistence of overall nematode infections53 (46.1)11 (22.0)7 (11.1)0.34 (0.12–0.94)0.040.23 (0.06–0.91)0.04
Incidence of overall intestinal parasitic infections60 (39.7)28 (25.7)12 (10.0)0.48 (0.22–1.05)0.070.09 (0.03–0.28)0.01
Incidence of overall intestinal protozoa infections19 (10.4)7 (5.8)2 (1.5)0.55 (0.20–1.50)0.240.11 (0.01–0.84)0.03
Incidence of overall soil-transmitted helminth infection43 (28.5)20 (18.0)9 (7.3)0.49 (0.18–1.31)0.150.05 (0.01–0.30)< 0.01
Incidence of overall nematode infections39 (25.3)15 (13.2)9 (7.0)0.31 (0.08–1.13)0.080.06 (0.01–0.43)< 0.01
  1. Persistence was analysed in the sample of children who had the outcome at baseline and incidence among children who were free of the outcome at baseline
  2. SG School garden
  3. SG+ School garden, nutrition, and water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH)
  4. aThe first number (n) is for the children having been without the parasite at baseline and the second one (n) for children having been infected by the respective parasite at baseline
  5. bOdds ratio from a mixed logistic regression model of the outcome at follow-up as a function of the outcome at baseline and type of intervention, with random intercepts for the schools and further adjustment for the district, age and sex of the child, and socioeconomic status of the caregivers