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Table 1 Outcome indicators and expected results among schoolchildren in three intervention arms (SG, SG+ and control) in a randomised controlled trial conducted in two districts of Nepal between March 2015 and June 2016

From: Nutritional and health status of children 15 months after integrated school garden, nutrition, and water, sanitation and hygiene interventions: a cluster-randomised controlled trial in Nepal

OutcomeDescription of outcomeExpected results
Outcome 1 (Primary outcome)Change in knowledge about fruits and vegetables, malnutrition, anaemia and intestinal parasitic infectionSchoolchildren know about:
• the average daily requirement of intake of fruits and vegetables
• malnutrition and its causes
• importance of consuming fruits and vegetables for improved health
• WASH and related diseases including intestinal parasitic infections
Outcome 2Change in dietary diversity and fruits and vegetables intake• the dietary diversity score (DDS) and the average fruits and vegetables consumption will increase among school children among SG+
• the dietary behaviour translates into behaviour change towards increased fruits and vegetables consumption
Outcome 3Change in nutritional status and haemoglobin level• the improvement in children’s weight and height among schoolchildren in the SG+ arm
• the increase of blood haemoglobin levels among schoolchildren in the SG+ arm
Outcome 4 (Primary outcome)Change in intestinal parasitic infection• the incidence of intestinal parasitic infections among schoolchildren from intervention schools will be decreased
Outcome 5Change in water quality, sanitation and hygiene conditions• WASH conditions will be improved with well-tailored package of interventions implemented at the unit of schools and households