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Table 4 The major domains of risk factors associated with the study group acquiring parasitic infections: demography; socioeconomic status (SES); hygiene and behavior

From: Prevalence of selected intestinal protozoan infections in marginalized rural communities in Palestine

Test
 VariableCategoryPositiveNegativeTotalCOR (CI 95%)P-valueAOR (CI 95%)P-value
Demography
 SexMale2420441.8 (0.82–3.95)0.070.42(0.15–1.22)0.11
 Female243660    
 Total4856104    
 Age< 14 yrs3227592.61(1.05–6.45)*0.038*0.36(0.11–1.12)0.07
 > 14 yrs102232    
 Total424991    
 Size of family< 72790.3 (0.06–1.5)0.151.37(0.15–11.8)0.77
 ≥7414384    
 Total3450101    
SES
 Level of education, HOH< 12 yrs3542770.83 (0.33–2.09)0.350.71(0.09–2.51)0.75
 > 12 yrs121224    
 Total4754101    
 Level of education, mother< 12 yrs1968870.85 (0.28–2.63)0.390.51(0.03–6.76)0.61
 > 12 yrs21214    
 Total2180101    
 Monthly income< 20002645710.47 (0.17–1.29)0.1622.7(1.5–337)0.023**
 > 200011920    
 Total375491    
 Meat consumption<= 1 /wks1921401.07 (0.48–2.37)0.440.74(0.15–3.57)0.71
 2 > 1 /wks283361    
 TOTAL4754101    
Hygiene and Behavior
 Toilette, typePit3029591.52 (0.68–3.39)0.160.73(0.13–4.1)0.72
 Flush172542    
 TOTAL4754101    
 Wash hand before mealAlways1213251.21 (0.48–3.04)0.35
 Sometimes293867    
 Total415192    
 Wash hands after toiletteAlways1717341.42 (0.60–3.32)0.22
 Sometimes243458    
 Total415192    
 Rats/mice in houseYes2323461.35 (0.61–2.97)0.231.23(0.29–5)0.77
 No233154    
 Total4654100    
 Source of drinking watertap in house3951900.27 (0.07–1.15)0.080.17(0.01–2.1)0.18
 tap in yard8311    
 Total4754101    
 Beatles in houseYes3871791.33 (0.51–3.49)0.280.56(0.34–126)0.21
 No91322    
 Total4754101    
 Dirty nailsYes1721380.91 (0.41–2.03)0.420.30(0.03–2.5)0.27
 No313566    
 Total4856104    
 Wear shoes in yardYes86141.93 (0.59–6.37)0.15
 No223254    
 Total303868    
 Eat raw vegetablesAlways4553980.87 (0.04–4.84)0.450.55(0.01–18)0.74
 Sometimes213    
 Total4754101    
  1. * Significant by crude odds ratio (COR) with Mid-P test at P value ≤0.05 ** significant by adjusted odds ratio (AOR) with multivariate logistic regression model at P-value ≤0.05: HOH, Head of Household; SES, Socioeconomic Status; COR, Crude Odds Ratio; AOR: Adjusted Odds Ratio