Skip to main content

Table 1 Characteristics of studies on prevalence of tobacco smoking in Nigeria

From: Current prevalence pattern of tobacco smoking in Nigeria: a systematic review and meta-analysis

AuthorStudy periodLocationGeopolitical zoneStudy designStudy settingSampleCurrent smokers (%)Ever smokers (%)Quality
Obaseki et al. [27]2012Ile-Ife, Osun StateSouth-westPopulation-based cross-sectional studyRural11692.310.5Moderate
Desalu et al. [28]2009Ido-Ekiti, Ekiti StateSouth-westPopulation-based cross-sectional studyRural3852.611.9High
Harris-Eze [29]1992Ibadan, Oyo StateSouth-westCross-sectional study (soldiers)Semi-urban80515.934.8Moderate
Ozoh et al. [30]2012Idi-Araba, Lagos StateSouth-westCross-sectional study (long distance drivers)Urban4121.513.8Moderate
Arute et al. [31]2015Abraka, Delta StateSouth-southPopulation-based cross-sectional studySemi-urban4003.57.0Moderate
Abiola et al. [32]2014Mushin, Lagos StateSouth-westPopulation-based cross-sectional studyUrban40214.7Moderate
Adebiyi et al. [33]2009Kajola, Oyo StateSouth-westDescriptive cross-sectional studyRural21511.620.5High
Adepoju et al. [34]2011Osogbo, Osun StateSouth-westPopulation-based cross-sectional studySemi-urban7598.722.0Moderate
Agaba et al. [35]2014Jos, Plateau StateNorth-centralDescriptive cross-sectional studyUrban8832.9High
Agaku et al. [36]2011Makurdi, Benue StateNorth-centralPopulation-based cross-sectional studyUrban53627.4High
Aina et al. [37]2007Idi-Aaraba, Lagos StateSouth-westCross-sectional study (healthcare students)Urban4083.96.1Moderate
Azodo et al. [38]2011Abuja, Nassarawa & KanoNorth-central, North-westDescriptive cross-sectional study (prison officials)Urban14626.7Moderate
Awopeju et al. [39]2012Ile-Ife, Osun State and Idi-Araba, Lagos StateSouth-westDescriptive cross-sectional study (healthcare students)Mixed6755.017.9Moderate
Anyanwu et al. [40]2015Abakaliki, Ebonyi StateSouth-eastPopulation-based cross-sectional studyUrban62014.4High
Akinbodewa et al. [41]2014Akure & Ondo, Ondo StateSouth-westDescriptive cross-sectional studyMixed11834.5High
Babatunde et al. [42]2016Ilorin, Kwara StateNorth-centralPopulation-based cross-sectional studyUrban200013.6Moderate
Babatunde et al. [43]2011Ido-Ekiti, Ekiti StateSouth-westDescriptive cross-sectional studySemi-urban30013.7Moderate
Dania et al. [44]2015Yaba, Lagos StateSouth-westDescriptive cross-sectional studyUrban2501.29.6High
Desalu et al. [45]2007Yola, Adamawa StateNorth-eastPopulation-based cross-sectional studySemi-urban179331.937.9High
Desalu et al. [46]2009Ilorin, Kwara StateNorth-centralPopulation-based cross-sectional studyUrban4728.112.5High
Ebirim et al. [47]2013Owerri, Imo StateSouth-eastDescriptive cross-sectional studyUrban94411.215.3High
Ekanem et al [48]2008Abuja, FCTNorth-centralPopulation-based cross-sectional studyUrban13993.512.0High
Emerole et al [49]2007Owerri, Imo StateSouth-eastDescriptive cross-sectional study (University staffs)Urban2413.7Moderate
Fatoye & Morakinyo [50]2001Ilesa, Osun StateSouth-westDescriptive cross-sectional studyMixed5673.0Moderate
Fawibe & Shittu [51]2009Ilorin, Kwara StateNorth-centralDescriptive cross-sectional studyUrban17545.717.1High
Hussain et al [52]2007Lagos StateSouth-westCross-sectional study (soldiers)Urban85320.3Moderate
Ibekwe [53]2012Oghara, Delta StateSouth-southDescriptive cross-sectional studyRural27215.8Moderate
Makanjuola et al [54]2004Ilorin, Kwara StateNorth-centralCross-sectional study (medical students)Urban9613.210.5Moderate
Morakinyo et al [55]2003Ibadan, Oyo StateSouth-westCross-sectional study (street children)Urban18010.014.4Moderate
Obot [56]1990Jos, Plateau StateNorth-centralPopulation-based cross-sectional studyMixed127126.831.5Moderate
Odey et al [57]2012Calabar, Cross River StateSouth-southDescriptive cross-sectional studyUrban3756.4Moderate
Odeyemi et al [58]2009NationalNationalDescriptive cross-sectional studyMixed118317.126.4Moderate
Odugbemi et al [59]2010Tejuosho, LagosSouth-westDescriptive cross-sectional studyUrban4004.57.2Moderate
Lawoyin et al [60]1998Idikan Ibadan, Oyo StateSouth-westPopulation-based cross-sectional studyRural214418.5Moderate
Ige et al [61]2013Ibadan, Oyo StateSouth-westDescriptive cross-sectional studyUrban5251.9High
Ugwuja et al [62]2008Abakaliki, Ebonyi StateSouth-eastCross-sectional study (civil servants)Urban2055.9Moderate
Odukoya et al [63]2011Lagos StateSouth-westDescriptive cross-sectional studyUrban9899.6Moderate
Okagua et al [64]2015Port-Harcourt, Rivers StateSouth-southDescriptive cross-sectional studyUrban11203.37.1High
Oladapo et al [65]2015Egbeda, Oyo StateSouth-westDescriptive cross-sectional studyRural20001.7High
Onofa et al [66]2016Abeokuta, Ogun StateSouth-westDescriptive cross-sectional studyUrban123314.4Moderate
Onyeonoro et al [67]2015Umuahia, Abia StateSouth-eastPopulation-based cross-sectional studySemi-urban298313.0Moderate
Oshodi et al [68]2008Surulere, Lagos StateSouth-westDescriptive cross-sectional studyUrban3663.05.2Moderate
Owonaro & Eniojukan [69]2015Amassoma, Bayelsa StateSouth-southDescriptive cross-sectional studyUrban25455.564.6Moderate
Owonaro & Eniojukan [70]2015Opokuma, Bayelsa StateSouth-southDescriptive cross-sectional studyRural25210.720.2Moderate
Ozoh et al [71]2014Lagos mainland, Lagos StateSouth-westCross-sectional study (commercial drivers)Urban50032.057.2Moderate
Ozoh et al [72]2017Lagos mainland, Lagos StateSouth-westCross-sectional study (long distance drivers)Urban41429.740.8Moderate
Raji et al [73]2012Sokoto, Sokoto StateNorth-westDescriptive cross-sectional studyUrban2288.3High
Raji et al [74]2017Sokoto, Sokoto StateNorth-westDescriptive cross-sectional studyUrban2133.311.3Moderate
Salawu et al. [75]2009Yola, AdamawaNorth-eastPopulation-based cross-sectional studySemi-urban17133.950.3Moderate
Shehu & Idris [76]2004Saria, Kaduna StateNorth-westDescriptive cross-sectional studySemi-urban3509.4High
Yisa et al. [77]2009Ibadan, Oyo StateSouth-westDescriptive cross-sectional studyUrban5102.1High
Abasiubong et al. [78]2005Eket, Akwa-Ibom StateSouth-southDescriptive cross-sectional studyMixed25434.8Moderate
Gureje et al. [79, 80]2007NationalNationalPopulation-based cross-sectional studyMixed67524.217.0High
Lasebikan et al. [81]2016Oyo StateSouth-westPopulation-based cross-sectional studyRural120320.633.7Moderate
Odenigbo et al. [82]2008Asaba, Delta StateSouth-southCross-sectional study (healthy professionals)Semi-urban1002.0Moderate
Forrest et al. [83]1992Benin, Edo StateSouth-southPopulation-based cross-sectional studyUrban46411.5High
Oguoma et al. [84]2015Kwale, Delta StateSouth-southPopulation-based cross-sectional studyMixed4223.411.2High
Ezejimofor et al. [85]2014Niger Delta, Delta StateSouth-southCommunity-based cross-sectional studyRural202816.7High
Ezekwesili et al. [86]2016Anambra StateSouth-eastPopulation-based cross-sectional studyMixed9123.1Moderate
Ogah et al. [87]2012Umuahia, Abia StateSouth-eastPopulation-based cross-sectional studyMixed298313.3High
Suleiman et al. [88]2011Amassoma, Bayelsa StateSouth-southDescriptive cross-sectional studySemi-urban40014.3Moderate
Ugwuja et al. [89]2015Igbeagu, Ebonyi StateSouth-eastPopulation-based cross-sectional studyRural2673.00High
Wahab et al. [90]2006Katsina, Katsina StateNorth-westPopulation-based cross-sectional studyUrban3004.7High