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Table 7 Risk perception: Perceived seriousness of getting TBE. Regression results using OLS; Dependent variable: Perceived seriousness of getting TBE*

From: Who is afraid of ticks and tick-borne diseases? Results from a cross-sectional survey in Scandinavia

VARIABLES[1][2][3][4][5][6]
ScandinaviaScandinaviaScandinaviaDKaNObSEc
Age 18–29−0.0070.0330.0180.095−0.4200.078
(0.122)(0.123)(0.123)(0.242)(0.366)(0.157)
Age 45–590.260**0.243**0.237**0.1840.577*0.181
(0.101)(0.101)(0.101)(0.176)(0.305)(0.134)
Age 60–0.198**0.165*0.1500.2120.2410.082
(0.096)(0.097)(0.098)(0.171)(0.289)(0.132)
Female respondent0.422***0.387***0.380***0.308**0.501**0.365***
(0.075)(0.076)(0.076)(0.134)(0.226)(0.102)
Has attended university0.0920.0810.092−0.013−0.1030.186*
(0.083)(0.083)(0.084)(0.168)(0.276)(0.104)
Norway−0.573***−0.592***− 0.578***   
(0.120)(0.123)(0.123)   
Sweden−0.185**−0.247**−0.260**   
(0.087)(0.101)(0.102)   
General willingness to take risks −0.037**−0.037**−0.070**0.008−0.037
 (0.017)(0.017)(0.028)(0.047)(0.023)
Number of correct answers to Borrelia knowledge questions 0.0580.0460.103−0.1450.078
 (0.047)(0.047)(0.082)(0.129)(0.067)
Number of correct answers to TBE knowledge questions 0.0620.066−0.1060.330***0.024
 (0.050)(0.050)(0.094)(0.121)(0.071)
Has had one or more tick bites in lifetime  0.0720.218−0.0760.013
  (0.082)(0.134)(0.232)(0.116)
Diagnosed with Lyme borreliosis ever  0.2170.3820.1110.241
  (0.136)(0.318)(0.455)(0.162)
Visits TBE areas at least monthly  −0.156*−0.244−0.289−0.114
  (0.091)(0.188)(0.251)(0.118)
Constant8.792***8.806***8.805***9.046***8.193***8.564***
(0.122)(0.173)(0.176)(0.294)(0.461)(0.223)
Observations1769176917694832531033
R-squared0.0380.0430.0470.0530.0820.035
  1. Notes: aDenmark; bNorway; cSweden
  2. *The dependent variable is measured on a 0–10 scale where 0 equals ‘not serious as all’ and 10 equals ‘very serious’ in response to the question ‘How serious do you consider it is to get the tick-borne disease TBE?”. Standard errors in parentheses
  3. *** p < 0.01, ** p < 0.05, * p < 0.1