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Table 5 Risk perception: Perceived seriousness of getting bitten by a tick. Regression results using OLS. Dependent variable: Perceived seriousness of getting bitten by a tick*

From: Who is afraid of ticks and tick-borne diseases? Results from a cross-sectional survey in Scandinavia

VARIABLES[1][2][3][4][5][6]
ScandinaviaScandinaviaScandinaviaDKaNObSEc
Age 18–29−0.469***− 0.472***−0.382***− 0.820***−0.239− 0.293
(0.151)(0.150)(0.147)(0.297)(0.264)(0.220)
Age 45–590.502***0.518***0.490***0.649***0.3120.499***
(0.131)(0.129)(0.125)(0.235)(0.235)(0.191)
Age 60–0.950***0.897***0.813***0.974***0.576**0.899***
(0.126)(0.125)(0.123)(0.229)(0.234)(0.188)
Female respondent0.724***0.652***0.644***0.2630.485***0.969***
(0.097)(0.097)(0.095)(0.179)(0.177)(0.144)
Has attended university−0.313***− 0.232**− 0.227**− 0.253− 0.248− 0.258*
(0.106)(0.105)(0.102)(0.213)(0.193)(0.147)
Norway−0.518***− 0.586***− 0.608***   
(0.125)(0.123)(0.120)   
Sweden−0.549***− 0.569***− 0.486***   
(0.117)(0.139)(0.136)   
General willingness to take risks −0.196***−0.181***− 0.184***− 0.272***−0.104***
 (0.021)(0.021)(0.038)(0.037)(0.033)
Number of correct answers to Borrelia knowledge questions −0.198***− 0.140**− 0.039− 0.152−0.209**
 (0.055)(0.054)(0.098)(0.095)(0.094)
Number of correct answers to TBE knowledge questions −0.0490.005−0.132− 0.0130.127
 (0.059)(0.059)(0.116)(0.109)(0.095)
Has had one or more tick bites in lifetime  −1.158***−1.095***−1.136***−1.087***
  (0.099)(0.177)(0.180)(0.164)
Diagnosed with Lyme borreliosis ever  0.634***0.929**−0.6260.822***
  (0.190)(0.462)(0.463)(0.232)
Visits TBE areas at least monthly  0.1880.0120.3310.232
  (0.134)(0.307)(0.320)(0.169)
Constant5.284***6.718***7.071***7.114***7.149***5.860***
(0.154)(0.211)(0.208)(0.370)(0.331)(0.306)
Observations2581258125817547651062
R-squared0.0720.1090.1540.1720.1740.136
  1. Notes: aDenmark; bNorway; cSweden
  2. *The dependent variable is measured on a 0–10 scale where 0 equals ‘not serious as all’ and 10 equals ‘very serious’ in response to the question ‘How serious do you consider it is to be bitten by a tick?’
  3. Standard errors in parentheses
  4. *** p < 0.01, ** p < 0.05, * p < 0.1