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Table 3 Bivariate and multivariate analyses of Digital Rectal Examination in Brazilian men, private health plan and SUS users, according to the independent variables

From: Digital rectal examination and its associated factors in the early detection of prostate cancer: a cross-sectional population-based study

 PrivatePublic
VariablesPR CI (95%)p valueAdjusted PR CI (95%)p* valuePR CI (95%)p* valueAdjusted PR CI (95%)p* value
Age group
 40–490.57(0.50–0.66)< 0.0010.57(0.50–0.66)< 0.0010.52(0.46–0.60)< 0.0010.54(0.47–0.62)< 0.001
 50–591 1 1 1 
 60–691.30(1.19–1.41) 1.32(1.21–1.43) 1.27(1.15–1.41) 1.22(1.10–1.35) 
 70–791.31(1.19–1.45) 1.31(1.19–1.45) 1.43(1.28–1.60) 1.34(1.20–1.49) 
 801.31(1.12–1.54) 1.30(1.12–1.52) 1.21(1.01–1.46) 1.31(1.09–1.57) 
Self-reported skin color
 White10.1491< 0.001
 Non white0.93(0.85–1.02) 0.87(0.80–0.95) 
Marital status
 No spouse10.01410.0061< 0.0011< 0.001
 With spouse1.15(1.03–1.29) 1.15(1.04–1.26) 1.27(1.15–1.40) 1.26(1.15–1.38) 
Health self-perception
 Very good/good10.0431< 0.00110.009
 Regular1.12(1.01–1.23) 1.31(1.20–1.43) 1.13(1.04–1.23) 
 Bad/Very bad1.17(0.95–1.44) 1.42(1.27–1.60) 1.25(1.11–1.42) 
Alcohol consumption
 Abstinent1.10(0.93–1.29)0.5481.61(1.35–1.92)< 0.0011.29(1.09–1.54)0.016
 Moderate1.09(0.91–1.30) 1.43(1.18–1.73) 1.26(1.05–1.52) 
 Excessive1 1 1 
Tobacco consumption
 Never smoked1.20(1.02–1.42)< 0.0011.24(1.07–1.44)0.0141.30(1.15–1.47)< 0.0011.23(1.10–1.38)< 0.001
 Ex-smoker1.40(1.18–1.67) 1.20(1.03–1.40) 1.56(1.38–1.76) 1.27(1.13–1.42) 
 Smoker1 1 1 1 
Brazil criterion
 A and B10.10710.016 
 C0.90(0.81–1.00) 0.99(0.88–1.12)  
 D and E0.92(0.83–1.02) 0.88(0.77–0.99)  
Education level
 Iliterate10.01910.0441< 0.001
 Primary0.93(0.78–1.11) 1.09(0.98–1.22) 1.17(1.05–1.31) 
 High school0.81(0.68–0.97) 1.09(0.94–1.25) 1.35(1.18–1.55) 
 Undergraduate0.94(0.79–1.13) 1.28(1.08–1.52) 1.67(1.42–1.97) 
Employment
 Employed1< 0.001 1< 0.001 
 Unemployed1.33(1.21–1.46)  1.43(1.32–1.54)  
Multimorbidity
 0 or 11< 0.001 1< 0.0011< 0.001
 21.25(1.13–1.38)  1.51(1.37–1.67) 1.24(1.13–1.37) 
 31.34(1.19–1.50)  1.75(1.55–1.98) 1.32(1.16–1.51) 
 4 or more1.27(1.10–1.47)  1.94(1.72–2.19) 1.38(1.23–1.56) 
Geographic region
 Southeast10.247 1< 0.0011< 0.001
 South1.04(0.93–1.16)  0.89(0.78–1.01) 0.89(0.79–1.01) 
 Midwest0.99(0.88–1.10)  0.98(0.87–1.10) 1.06(0.95–1.18) 
 Northeast0.96(0.85–1.07)  0.80(0.72–0.89) 0.88(0.79–0.97) 
 North0.82(0.68–1.00)  0.69(0.60–0.79) 0.78(0.69–0.89) 
Housing zone
 Urban1.64(1.28–2.10)< 0.0011.68(1.35–2.10)< 0.0011.27(1.15–1.39)< 0.0011.15(1.05–1.25)0.004
 Rural1 1 1 1