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Table 2 Health-related characteristics of the study groups

From: Determinants of breast cancer in Saudi women from Makkah region: a case-control study (breast cancer risk factors among Saudi women)

ParameterControl (n = 218)Case (n = 214)P-value
Weight (kg)69.5 ± 14.788.5 ± 17.5< 0.001
Height (cm)158.6 ± 7157.7 ± 6.70.637
Body Mass Index (BMI) (kg/m2)27.7 ± 6.335.4 ± 10< 0.001
BMI categories
 Underweight1 (0.4%)0< 0.001
 Normal69 (31.7%)22 (10.2%)
 Overweight95 (43.6%)56 (26.2%)
 Obese53 (24.3%)136 (63.6%)
Cancer awareness
 Yes214 (98.2%)174 (81.3%)< 0.001
 No4 (1.8%)40 (18.7%)
Regularly exercise
 Yes81 (37.2%)56 (26.2%)0.009
 No137 (62.8%)158 (73.8%)
Family history of breast cancer
 Yes13 (6%)38 (17.8%)0.072
 No205 (94%)176 (82.2%)
Smoking
 Yes3 (1.4%)38 (17.8%)< 0.001
 No215 (98.6%)176 (82.2%)
Diabetes
 Yes17 (7.8%)72 (33.6%)< 0.001
 No201 (92.2%)142 (66.4%)
Hypertension
 Yes33 (15.1%)104 (48.6%)< 0.001
 No185 (84.9%)110 (51.4%)
Hyperlipidemia
 Yes28 (12.8%)40 (18.7%)0.062
 No190 (87.2%)174 (81.3%)
Contraceptive use
 Hormonal55 (25.2%)94 (43.9%)< 0.001
 Not-hormonal31 (14.2%)32 (15%)
 Don’t use132 (60.6%)88 (41.1%)
  1. Values are expressed as frequency (%)
  2. P-values are obtained by Mann-Whitney test for non-parametric continuous variables (weight, height and BMI) or by x2 test for discontinuous variables