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Table 4 Occurrence of multiple health risk factors and of each behavioral health risk factor profile stratified by school education (lowest, medium, highest) and employment status

From: Behavioral health risk factor profiles in general hospital patients: identifying the need for screening and brief intervention

Health risk factor(s)Lowest
(n = 1354)
Medium
(n = 3715)
Highest
(n = 1137)
Unemployed
(n = 749)
Employed
(n = 3680)
Others
(n = 1791)
Mean number (standard deviation)2.2(0.9)1.9(0.9)1.5(1.0)2.2(0.9)1.8(1.0)1.8(0.9)
 %(95% CI)%(95% CI)%(95% CI)%(95% CI)%(95% CI)%(95% CI)
Multiple, ≥279.0(76.8–81.2)66.5(64.9–68.0)48.0(45.1–51.0)77.8(74.7–80.8)63.6(62.0–65.1)65.3(63.1–67.5)
Profile
 no health risk factor2.3(1.6–3.2)7.0(6.2–7.8)16.9(14.8–19.2)2.1(1.2–3.4)9.3(8.4–10.3)6.9(5.7–8.1)
 smoking (only)3.7(2.8–4.8)3.6(3.0–4.3)4.0(3.0–5.4)2.8(1.7–4.3)4.0(3.4–4.6)3.6(2.8–4.6)
 alcohol (only)0.5(0.2–1.1)0.8(0.5–1.2)4.7(3.5–6.1)0.9(0.4–1.9)1.7(1.3–2.2)1.2(0.7–1.8)
 overweight (only)7.3(6.0–8.8)12.3(11.2–13.4)14.2(12.2–16.3)8.5(6.6–10.8)12.5(11.5–13.6)10.7(9.3–12.2)
 inactivity (only)7.2(5.8–8.7)9.9(8.9–10.9)12.2(10.4–14.3)7.7(5.9–9.9)8.9(8.0–9.9)12.3(10.9–14.0)
 smoking plus alcohol1.7(1.1–2.5)1.2(0.9–1.6)4.4(3.3–5.8)2.4(1.4–3.8)1.8(1.4–2.3)1.8(1.2–2.5)
 smoking plus overweight3.2(2.4–4.3)4.6(3.9–5.3)3.1(2.2–4.3)3.9(2.6–5.5)4.5(3.86–5.2)3.0(2.3–3.92)
 smoking plus inactivity11.9(10.2–13.7)9.0(8.1–10.0)4.3(3.2–5.7)10.8(8.7–13.3)8.1(7.2–9.0)9.5(8.2–10.9)
 alcohol plus overweight1.5(0.9–2.3)2.5(2.0–3.1)3.7(2.7–5.0)1.9(1.0–3.1)2.9(2.4–3.5)1.8(1.3–2.6)
 alcohol plus inactivity0.8(0.4–1.4)1.3(1.0–1.7)2.3(1.5–3.3)1.6(0.8–2.8)1.5(1.2–2.0)0.9(0.5–1.4)
 overweight plus inactivity25.3(23.0–27.7)23.3(22.0–24.7)16.3(14.2–18.5)20.4(17.6–23.5)20.8(19.5–22.2)26.7(24.7–28.9)
 smoking plus alcohol plus overweight1.6(1.0–2.4)1.5(1.1–1.9)1.7(1.0–2.6)1.7(0.9–2.9)1.7(1.3–2.2)1.1(0.6–1.7)
 smoking plus alcohol plus inactivity6.3(5.0–7.7)4.0(3.4–4.7)2.7(1.9–3.8)8.8(6.9–11.1)3.6(3.0–4.2)3.8(3.0–4.8)
 smoking plus overweight plus inactivity16.8(14.8–18.9)10.6(9.6–11.6)4.3(3.2–5.7)14.8(12.4–17.6)9.7(8.8–10.7)11.3(9.9–12.8)
 alcohol plus overweight plus inactivity4.1(3.1–5.3)4.6(3.9–5.3)3.3(2.3–4.5)4.5(3.2–6.3)4.8(4.1–5.6)2.8(2.1–3.7)
 all four health risk factors5.8(4.6–7.2)3.9(3.3–4.5)2.0(1.3–3.0)6.9(5.2–9.0)4.0(3.4–4.7)2.6(1.9–3.4)
  1. Notes: CI = confidence interval, non-overlapping 95% CIs indicate significant differences at p ≤ 0.01