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Table 5 Dose-Effect Analysis of the 10-Week Simple Suppers Intervention among Intervention and Waitlist Control Group Children (4- to 10-Years Old): Difference at Post-Intervention (T1)a

From: Child diet and health outcomes of the simple suppers program: a 10-week, 2-group quasi-experimental family meals trial

 β (SE)P-value95% CI
Dietary Intakeb,c,d
 Total Fruite (servings/day)0.07 (0.1)0.42(-0.10, 0.24)
 Whole Fruit (servings/day)0.11 (0.1)0.19(-0.06, 0.27)
 Total Vegetable (servings/day)0.05 (0.1)0.53(-0.10, 0.20)
 Sugar-Sweetened Beverages (servings/day)-0.03 (0.1)0.33(-0.09, 0.03)
 Healthy Eating Index Total Score (0-100)0.01 (0.6)0.99(-1.15, 1.13)
Anthropometrics and Biometricsd
 Body Mass Index z-score-0.04 (0.0)0.02(-0.07, -0.01)
 Waist Circumference z-score-0.02 (0.0)0.32(-0.05, 0.02)
 Systolic Blood Pressure z-score-0.07 (0.0)0.03(-0.14, -0.01)
 Diastolic Blood Pressure z-score-0.01 (0.1)0.85(-0.09, 0.10)
Food Preparation Skill Abilityf,d0.47 (0.1)<0.001(0.23, 0.71)
Family Meals (meals/week)g
 Family dinner frequency0.04 (1.1)0.49(-0.09, 0.17)
 Family breakfast frequency-0.01 (0.1)0.85(-0.16, 0.13)
 Family meal with TV-0.14 (0.1)0.02(-0.26, -0.02)
 Family meals in a dining area-0.03 (0.1)0.58(-0.17, 0.10)
  1. aIncludes all study participants (intervention and waitlist controls). Participants in the waitlist control group were assigned an attendance level of ‘0’
  2. bDaily intake averaged across caregiver-assisted, nonconsecutive 24-hr dietary recall collected using USDA five-step multiple-pass method
  3. cParticipant completion of 24-hr dietary recalls at T0: 0 recalls (7%); 1 recall (68%); 2 recalls (12%); 3 recalls (13%). Participant completion of 24-hr dietary recalls at T1: 0 recalls (39%); 1 recall (58%); 2 recalls (4%); 3 recalls (0%)
  4. dDose-effect (attendance as continuous variable, 0-10 (lessons)) determined by generalized linear mixed modeling controlling for: cohort; household income; child race, sex, age; participant id (family id); baseline value of outcome variable (Y (outcome variable)= outcome at T1)
  5. eTotal fruit=whole fruit + 100% fruit juice
  6. fThe stem statement was: “When we prepare food at home, my child is able to…”. Questions were situated on a 4-point scale (1=Strongly Disagree (1pt); 4=Strongly Agree (4pt)). A sum score was calculated (1-32)
  7. gDose-effect (attendance as continuous variable, 0-10 (lessons)) determined by generalized linear mixed modeling controlling for: cohort; household income; caregiver race, sex, and age; oldest child race, sex, and age; baseline value of outcome variable (Y (outcome variable)= outcome at T1)
  8. All p-values that are signicant (<0.05) are bolded.