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Table 3 Change in nutrition and physical activity goals met between baseline (fall 2016) and follow up (spring 2017), by training arm (N = 53)

From: Assessing the effectiveness of training models for national scale-up of an evidence-based nutrition and physical activity intervention: a group randomized trial

 In Person (N = 20)Online (N = 14)Control (N = 19)
Primary outcome
 Aggregate healthy practice scorea
  Baseline Mean (SD)6.03 (0.76)5.25 (1.09)6.01 (1.72)
  Follow Up Mean (SD)6.78 (1.69)6.01 (1.09)6.48 (1.51)
  Difference in Change vs. Control, Mean (95% CI)b0.44 (0.02, 0.86)0.28 (−0.18, 0.73)Ref
  p-value0.040.24 
Secondary outcomes
 Provide all children with at least 30 min of moderate to vigorous physical activity every day
  Baseline % of Days Meeting Goal, Mean (SD)41 (38)44 (46)50 (43)
  Follow Up % of Days Meeting Goal, Mean (SD)59 (44)49 (40)53 (40)
  Odds Ratio (95% CI)c1.80 (0.54, 6.00)1.01 (0.25, 4.08)Ref
  p-value0.340.99Ref
 Offer 20 min of vigorous physical activity (3 times per week)
  Baseline % of Days Meeting Goal, Mean (SD)56 (39)48 (40)53 (45)
  Follow Up % of Days Meeting Goal, Mean (SD)64 (45)45 (43)61 (38)
  Odds Ratio (95% CI)c1.13 (0.37, 3.46)0.56 (0.21, 1.49)Ref
  p-value0.830.25Ref
 Do not serve sugary drinks (SSBs or 100% juice larger than 4 oz)
  Baseline % of Days Meeting Goal, Mean (SD)88 (32)100 (0)91 (29)
  Follow Up % of Days Meeting Goal, Mean (SD)90 (23)93 (27)94 (23)
  Odds Ratio (95% CI)c, dN/AN/ARef
  p-valuedN/AN/ARef
 Do not allow sugary drinks to be brought in during program time
  Baseline % of Days Meeting Goal, Mean (SD)65 (43)48 (44)65 (39)
  Follow Up % of Days Meeting Goal, Mean (SD)69 (41)49 (46)92 (22)
  Odds Ratio (95% CI)c0.23 (0.05, 1.00)0.19 (0.05, 0.73)Ref
  p-value0.070.03Ref
 Offer water as a drink at snack every day
  Baseline % of Days Meeting Goal, Mean (SD)41 (50)29 (47)52 (49)
  Follow Up % of Days Meeting Goal, Mean (SD)79 (41)40 (48)53 (50)
  Odds Ratio (95% CI)c5.68 (1.46, 22.07)1.76 (0.59, 5.28)Ref
  p-value0.020.32Ref
 Offer a fruit or vegetable option every day at snack
  Baseline % of Days Meeting Goal, Mean (SD)58 (37)45 (36)70 (38)
  Follow Up % of Days Meeting Goal, Mean (SD)75 (32)74 (34)59 (42)
  Odds Ratio (95% CI)c2.43 (0.84, 6.99)5.62 (1.74, 18.13)Ref
  p-value0.110.01Ref
 Limit computer and digital device time to homework or instructional only
  Baseline % of Days Meeting Goal, Mean (SD)99 (6)100 (0)86 (29)
  Follow Up % of Days Meeting Goal, Mean (SD)94 (23)100 (0)86 (31)
  Odds Ratio (95% CI)c, dN/AN/ARef
  p-valuedN/AN/ARef
 Eliminate broadcast and cable TV and movies
  Baseline % of Days Meeting Goal, Mean (SD)99 (4)99 (5)96 (9)
  Follow Up % of Days Meeting Goal, Mean (SD)96 (18)100 (0)99 (5)
  Odds Ratio (95% CI)c, dN/AN/ARef
  p-valuedN/AN/ARef
 When serving grains (like bread, crackers, and cereals), serve whole grains
  Baseline % of Days Meeting Goal, Mean (SD)55 (40)20 (31)39 (35)
  Follow Up % of Days Meeting Goal, Mean (SD)63 (41)56 (41)51 (42)
  Odds Ratio (95% CI)c0.85 (0.30, 2.40)2.94 (0.72, 12.07)Ref
  p-value0.750.13Ref
  1. Sites completed observations on average 4.0 days per site at baseline and 4.3 days per site at follow up. Baseline and follow up means represent site-level averages
  2. aNumber of OSNAP goals met per day, out of 9 possible
  3. bDifference in change in aggregate healthy practice score between intervention and control arms. Estimated among all observation days within sites, using linear mixed regression models accounting for clustering of days within sites using a compound symmetry variance-covariance matrix and between-within method of estimating denominator degrees of freedom
  4. cOdds ratio for difference in change in percent of days meeting goal between intervention and control arms. Estimated among all observation days within sites, using generalized linear regression models with a binomial distribution and logit link, accounting for clustering of days within sites using a compound symmetry variance-covariance matrix
  5. dN/A indicates not applicable because models did not converge due to small numbers of sites not meeting goals