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Table 4 Study findings on impact of gender on NHSHC uptake. AOR = adjusted odds ratio. OR = odds ratio. CI = confidence intervals.

From: A systematic review of factors influencing NHS health check uptake: invitation methods, patient characteristics, and the impact of interventions

StudyFindings
Artac et al., 2013 [20]Year 1 (high-risk only)
Female vs. male (baseline): AOR = 0.80, 95% CI = 0.67–0.94 p < .010
Year 2 (all eligible patients)
Female vs. male (baseline): AOR = 1.27, 95% CI = 1.20–1.35, p < .010
Attwood et al., 2016 [19]Unadjusted model
Female vs. male (baseline): OR = 1.50, 95% CI = 1.16–1.95, p < .050
Model adjusted for GP surgery effects
Female vs. male (baseline): AOR = 1.29, 95% CI = 0.95–1.76, p > .050
Cochrane et al., 2013 [23]Female vs. male (baseline): OR = 0.70, 95% CI = 0.58–0.84, p < .001
Coghill et al., 2018 [22]Male vs. female (baseline): AOR = 0.73, 95% CI = 0.67–0.80, p < .001
Cook et al., 2016 [26]Female uptake rate = 50%; male uptake rate = 38%, p < .001
Dalton et al., 2011 [24]Significant age x gender interaction; women in the youngest age-group (35–54 years) more likely to attend than men in the same age category: AOR = 1.71, 95% CI = 1.03–2.85, p = .037
Gidlow et al., 2014 [9]Female vs. male (baseline): OR = 1.47, 95% CI = 1.30–1.68, p < .001
McDermott et al., 2018 [25]Male vs. female (baseline): AOR = 0.74, 95% CI = 0.69–0.80, p < .001
Sallis et al., 2016 [21]Female vs. male (baseline): AOR = 1.50, 95% CI = 1.29–1.74, p < .010)
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