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Table 3 Multivariable analysis for psychological morbidity

From: Psychological morbidity in Nepali cross-border migrants in India: a community based cross-sectional study

CharacteristicsPrevalence ratio
  uPR (CI)aPR (CI)
Age< 25 yearsReference
25–34 years0.67 (0.38–1.18)0.71 (0.29–1.72)
35–44 years1.06 (0.58–1.87)0.82 (0.31–2.19)
45 years and above2.54 (1.44–4.49)**2.74 (1.01–7.41)*
GenderMaleReference
Female2.5 (1.21–5.14)***0.77 (0.19–3.12)
Marital statusUnmarriedReference
Married0.79 (0.49–1.31)0.69 (0.28–1.66)
 Others (widow, divorced)3.48 (1.46–8.29)**1.16 (0.14–9.9)
EducationNo SchoolingReference
Primary0.58 (0.35–0.95)*1.62 (0.72–3.65)
Lower Secondary0.33 (0.18–0.58)***0.72 (0.26–1.98)
Secondary0.41 (0.22–0.77)**1.2 (0.41–3.55)
SLC and Higher0.25 ((0.08–0.85)*1.0 (0.18–5.76)
EthnicityBrahmin/Chhetri/ThakuriReference
Dalit and Janajatis Hill0.77 (0.42–1.42)0.45 (0.19–1.06)
Dalit, Janajatis and others Terai3.6 (2.26–5.7)***3.29 (1.6–6.74)**
Religious minorities4.24 (1.86–9.65)**3.64 (1.02–13.14)*
OccupationHotel workerReference
Factory worker2.0 (1.14–3.54) *1.12 (0.46–3.03)
Watchmen1.89 (1.06–3.36)*1.35 (0.54–3.42)
Others¶1.31 (0.65–2.64)1.65 (0.62–4.42)
¶¶Salary/month< 10,000 INRReference
10,000–15,000 IR0.69 (0.44–1.07)0.88 (0.46–1.66)
15,001 IR and more0.37 (0.14–0.95)*0.41 (0.14–1.19)
Sick leaveYesReference
No2.08 (1–38-3.12)***2.4 (1.32–4.34)**
Reason for returnHolidayReference
Personal problems¶¶¶3.61 (2.13–6.14)***1.96 (1.01–3.83)*
Others (end of contract, political issues)6.04 (2.24–16.27)***4.06 (1.08–15.28)*
Going back§YesReference
No2.05 (1–34-3.14)*1.23 (0.67–2.25)
Existing health problem§§YesReference
No0.3 (0.2–0.44)***0.50 (0.28–0.93)*
Current alcohol userYesReference
No1.87 (1.26–2.78)***0.99 (0.53–1.84)
Sex in last 6 monthsYesReference
No2.08 (1.41–3.08)***1.21 (0.62–2.37)
Accessing healthcareDifficult to accessReference
Easy to access0.37 (0.24–0.57)***0.53 (0.3–0.93)*
  1. Note: *, < 0.05; **, < 0.01; ***, < 0.001
  2. , other occupations were house servant, driver, agriculture workers; ¶¶, 1 Indian Rupee = 0.014 USD; ¶¶¶, personal problem includes poor health and family issues; §, the question asked was ‘Do you have intention to return to India for job?”; §§, the question asked was ‘Do you have any physical health problem? are you taking any medication currently?’