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Table 5 Trends in Utilisation and Inequality in the Use of Antenatal care and Modern Contraception

From: Trends in utilisation and inequality in the use of reproductive health services in Sub-Saharan Africa

Country 8+ Antenatal Visit Modern Contraception for Women in Union
Percentages Concentration Index Percentages Concentration Index
t-1 t %
t-1 t Times
t-1 t % t-1 t Times
Benin (2001–2012) 15.1 10.2 −4.9 0.1758 0.4577 1.6 6.7 7.4 0.7 0.0624 0.1984 2.2
Burkina- (1998–2010) 0.6 0.3 −0.3 0.3091 0.7484 1.4 6.2 15.5 9.3 0.2604 0.3360 0.3
Cameroon (1998–2011) 8.4 7.8 −0.6 0.1240 0.4431 2.6 8.3 14.2 5.9 0.2231 0.3527 0.6
Chad (2004–2015) 1.7 0.9 −0.8 0.4708 0.3773 −0.2 2.9 3.0 0.1 0.7341 0.2591 −0.6
CIV (1998–2012) 2.8 3.1 0.3 0.0477 0.6033 11.6 9.7 11.4 1.7 0.0514 0.2241 3.4
Ethiopia (2005–2016) 3.7 3.6 − 0.1 0.8327 0.6166 −0.3 16.0 29.4 13.4 0.4019 0.1526 −0.6
Gabon (2000–2012) 6.1 6.8 0.7 0.2108 0.3036 0.4 10.2 15.6 5.4 0.1213 0.0893 −0.3
Ghana (2003–2014) 22.0 28.8 6.8 0.3364 0.2531 −0.2 17.5 22.5 5 0.1817 −0.0254 −1.1
Guinea (1999–2012) 10.2 8.9 −1.3 0.0159 0.4417 26.8 4.4 3.4 −1 0.0177 0.3551 19.0
Kenya (2003–2014) 10.0 2.7 −7.3 0.2658 0.4902 0.8 31.4 47.2 15.8 0.2311 0.0888 −0.6
Lesotho (2004–2014) 17.5 11.8 −5.7 0.2776 0.2999 0.1 33.9 59.3 25.4 0.2225 0.0487 −0.8
Malawi (2004–2016) 5.0 1.4 −3.6 0.1635 0.0749 −0.5 26.8 57.9 31.1 0.1156 0.0215 −0.8
Mali (2001–2013) 4.1 5.0 0.9 0.3819 0.3548 −0.1 5.5 10.5 5 0.2637 0.3948 0.5
Namibia (2000–2013) 22.5 25.9 3.4 0.1383 0.1728 0.2 46.1 55.4 9.3 0.1160 0.0691 −0.4
Niger (1998–2012) 0.1 0.2 0.1 0.0000 0.2163 ... 6.2 10.3 4.1 0.1070 0.4234 3.0
Nigeria (2003–2013) 26.2 25.8 −0.4 0.4075 0.4728 0.2 7.4 9.5 2.1 0.4174 0.4793 0.1
Rwanda (2005–2015) 0.2 0.1 −0.1 0.7859 0.9193 0.2 10.0 19.3 9.3 0.3001 0.0258 −0.9
Senegal (2005–2016) 0.6 0.8 0.2 0.5634 0.3730 −0.3 9.3 19.3 10 0.3943 0.1720 −0.6
Togo (1998–2014) 4.2 2.7 −1.5 0.1473 0.4856 2.3 6.9 17.2 10.3 0.0519 0.0591 0.1
Zambia (2002–2014) 12.8 0.9 −11.9 −0.0111 0.4998 −45.9 20.5 43.1 22.6 0.0054 0.1186 20.9
Zimbabwe (1999–2015) 15.3 12.3 −3 0.1172 0.2441 1.1 47.9 66.1 18.2 0.0734 0.0373 −0.5
West Africa 7.35 9.76 2.41 0.2669 0.5865 1.2 8.6 13.1 4.5 0.4123 0.2404 −0.4
East & Cent Africa 4.27 3.22 −1.05 0.4295 0.5220 0.2 15.3 27.7 12.4 0.2849 0.2108 −0.3
Southern Africa 12.25 5.96 −6.29 0.3744 0.4144 0.1 29.0 55.4 26.4 0.1589 0.0686 −0.6
SSA 7.61 7.07 −0.54 0.5475 0.5475 0.7 16.6 25.6 9 0.1399 0.1067 −0.2
  1. Source: Author’s calculation based on DHS data