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Table 2 Univariate and multivariate analysis of predictors of vote in favour of Emmanuel Macron based on 95 French departments

From: Health as an independent predictor of the 2017 French presidential voting behaviour: a cross-sectional analysis

 UnivariateMultivariate
Coefficient (±SD)p*Coefficient (±SD)p*
Median annual wages(k€)0.009 (±0.001)< 0.00010.0036 (±0.002)0.048
Poverty−0.613 (±0.111)< 0.0001  
Unemployment−1.496 (±0.171)< 0.0001−0.71 (±0.15)< 0.0001
Solidarity Labour Income$−1.671 (±0.346)< 0.0001  
Inequality4.119 (±0.776)< 0.00012.44 (± 0.795)0.003
Single parent family−0.112 (±0.14)0.42  
Life expectancy (years)0.024 (±0.003)< 0.0001  
Mortality−8.872 (±1.898)< 0.00012.33 (±1.37)0.09
Chronic condition−0.966 (±0.167)< 0.0001−0.272 (±0.106)0.011
COPD−3.526 (±0.904)0.00018  
Asthma0.49 (±0.167)   
Diabetes mellitus−5.231 (±0.576)< 0.0001−3.33 (±0.40)< 0.0001
  1. COPD: Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease. Coefficients are coefficients of linear regression. * Linear regressions were weighted by department population
  2. $ While significant in the univariate analysis, not included in the multivariate due to collinearity with unemployment