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Table 1 Characteristics of study sample and the status of institutional delivery service utilization(n = 7575)

From: Association between antenatal care follow-up and institutional delivery service utilization: analysis of 2016 Ethiopia demographic and health survey

VariableNumber (%)Institutional deliveryP-valuea
Yes
Number (%)
No
Number (%)
Age
 13–198,35 (11.0)84 (10.1)751 (89.9)< 0.001
 20–345415 (71.5)676 (12.5)4739 (87.5)
 35–491325 (17.5)97 (7.3)1228 (92.7)
Residence
 Urban9,64 (12.7)404 (41.8)559 (58.2)< 0.001
 Rural6611 (87.3)453 (6.9)6159 (93.1)
Educational level
 No education4780 (63.1)264 (5.5)4516 (94.3)< 0.001
 Primary2147 (28.3)290 (13.5)1857 (86.5)
 Secondary or Higher648 (8.6)303 (46.8)345 (53.2)
Marital status
 Never married56 (0.7)17 (30.4)39 (69.4)0.004
 Married7097 (93.7)779 (11.0)6318 (89.0)
 Not currently married422 (5.6)362 (85.8)60 (14.2)
Exposed to media
 No exposed6094 (80.4)456 (7.5)5638 (92.5)< 0.001
 Exposed1481 (19.6)401 (27.1)1080 (72.9)
Perceived distance from a nearby health facility
 Big problem4402 (58.1)295 (6.7)4107 (93.3)< 0.001
 No big problem3173 (41.9)562 (17.7)2611 (82.3)
History of ANC follow up
 No2818 (37.2)82 (2.9)2736 (97.1)< 0.001
 1–32342 (30.9)246 (10.5)2096 (89.5)
 4+2415 (31.9)529 (21.9)1886 (78.1)
Household wealth index
 Poorest1648 (21.8)60 (3.6)1588 (96.4)< 0.001
 Poorer1654 (21.8)107 (6.5)1547 (93.5)
 Middle1585 (20.9)1470 (92.7)115 (7.3)
 Richer1426 (18.8)130 (9.1)1296 (90.9)
 Richest1262 (16.7)444 (35.2)818 (64.8)
Birth order
 11431 (18.9)311 (21.7)1120 (78.3)< 0.001
 2–43183 (42.0)371 (11.7)2811 (88.3)
 5+2961 (39.1)176 (5.9)2785 (94.1)
Wantedness of the recent birth
 Wanted then5563 (74.3)671 (12.1)4892 (87.9)0.043
 Wanted later1317 (17.9)128 (9.7)1188 (90.7)
 Wanted no more695 (9.2)58 (8.3)637 (91.7)
  1. aRao-Scott chi-square p-value