Skip to main content

Table 2 The relative risks of the incidences of cardiovascular diseases according to level of alcohol consumption when compared with non-drinkers

From: The protective effect of alcohol consumption on the incidence of cardiovascular diseases: is it real? A systematic review and meta-analysis of studies conducted in community settings

 Light (0.01-10 g/day)Light to moderate (10.1-20 g/day)Moderate (20.1-40 g/day)Moderate to high (40.1-60 g/day)High (60.1-120 g/day)
NI2RR (95% CI)NI2RR (95% CI)NI2RR (95% CI)NI2RR (95% CI)NI2RR (95% CI)
Men
 Total10.54 (0.28–1.04)400.68 (0.57–0.81)4160.72 (0.58–0.90)301.02 (0.84–1.23)2891.32 (0.61–2.86)
 Comorbidity = 010.54 (0.27–1.08)10.40 (0.19–0.84)
 Comorbidity = 1–210.64 (0.51–0.80)10.71 (0.57–0.88)10.99 (0.79–1.24)10.91 (0.69–1.20)
 Comorbidity = 3–4200.80 (0.58–1.11)200.85 (0.61–1.18)201.09 (0.76–1.56)12.00 (1.30–3.08)
 Age ≤ 4010.26 (0.05–1.35)10.45 (0.08–2.53)10.37 (0.06–2.28)   
 Age 41–6510.54 (0.28–1.04)300.66 (0.54–0.80)3440.71 (0.52–0.96)201.04 (0.85–1.26)
 Age ≤ 65
 Age ≤ 2010.80 (0.51–1.25)10.74 (0.41–1.34)10.79 (0.37–1.69)
Women
  Total10.67 (0.31–1.45)10.73 (0.34–1.57)
 Comorbidity = 0
 Comorbidity = 1–2
 Comorbidity = 3–4
  Age ≤ 4010.14 (0.05–0.39)10.50 (0.20–1.25)
  Age 41–6510.67 (0.31–1.45)10.73 (0.34–1.57)
  Age ≥ 65
 Age ≤ 20
Men + Women
 Total10.97 (0.87–1.08)200.94 (0.76–1.17)3500.86 (0.61–1.22)11.16 (0.66–2.04)200.94 (0.44–2.00)
 Comorbidity = 011.47 (0.59–3.66)2670.88 (0.38–2.01)
 Comorbidity = 1–2
 Comorbidity = 3–410.92 (0.74–1.14)10.92 (0.76–1.11)
 Age ≤ 40
 Age 41–6510.62 (0.40–0.96)11.42 (0.41–4.92)
 Age ≤ 65
 Age ≤ 20270.96 (0.74–1.23)10.73 (0.28–1.90)
  1. ‘-‘means non-applicable
  2. N: Number of included studies; RR: Relative risk; CI: Confidence interval