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Table 2 Distribution of the built environment exposures for 23,043 children from MoBa

From: Neighborhood green spaces, facilities and population density as predictors of activity participation among 8-year-olds: a cross-sectional GIS study based on the Norwegian mother and child cohort study

  N (%)  
Built environment exposures Total (n = 23,043) Boys (n = 11,826) Girls (n = 11,176) P-valuea
Total green and open spaces     0.187
 ≤13.0% (ref.) 5593 (24.3) 2866 (24.2) 2717 (24.3)  
 13.1–29.9% 5664 (24.6) 2846 (24.1) 2811 (25.2)  
 30–49.9% 5983 (26.0) 3085 (26.1) 2887 (25.8)  
 ≥50.0% 5803 (25.2) 3029 (25.6) 2761 (24.7)  
 Missing 0 (0.0) 0 (0.0) 0 (0.0)  
Park within 800 m     0.671
 No 19,279 (83.7) 9882 (83.6) 9362 (83.8)  
 Yes 3764 (16.3) 1944 (16.4) 1814 (16.2)  
 Missing 0 (0.0) 0 (0.0) 0 (0.0)  
Park within 5000 m     0.517
 No 8493 (36.9) 4384 (37.1) 4097 (36.7)  
 Yes 14,550 (63.1) 7442 (62.9) 7079 (63.3)  
 Missing 0 (0.0) 0 (0.0) 0 (0.0)  
Number of facilities/amenities 800 m     0.325
 0 (ref.) 10,837 (47.0) 5600 (47.4) 5220 (46.7)  
 1 4687 (20.3) 2429 (20.5) 2253 (20.2)  
 2–3 4542 (19.7) 2311 (19.5) 2219 (19.9)  
 ≥4 2977 (12.9) 1486 (12.6) 1484 (13.3)  
 Missing 0 (0.0) 0 (0.0) 0 (0.0)  
Number of facilities/amenities 5000 m     0.689
 ≤5 (ref.) 6007 (26.1) 3096 (26.2) 2901 (26.0)  
 6–14 5512 (23.9) 2856 (24.2) 2647 (23.7)  
 15–29 5257 (22.8) 2665 (22.5) 2582 (23.0)  
 ≥30 6267 (27.2) 3209 (27.1) 3046 (27.3)  
 Missing 0 (0.0) 0 (0.0) 0 (0.0)  
Number of playgrounds/sports fields 800 m     0.355
 ≤1 (ref.) 3666 (15.9) 1928 (16.3) 1733 (15.5)  
 2–5 4002 (17.4) 2058 (17.4) 1935 (17.3)  
 6–10 3748 (16.3) 1900 (16.1) 1846 (16.5)  
 ≥11 11,627 (50.5) 5940 (50.2) 5662 (50.7)  
 Missing 0 (0.0) 0 (0.0) 0 (0.0)  
Number of playgrounds/sports fields 5000 m     0.176
 ≤35 (ref.) 5845 (25.4) 3031 (25.6) 2805 (25.1)  
 36–119 5654 (24.5) 2839 (24.0) 2806 (25.1)  
 120–419 5690 (24.7) 2965 (25.1) 2716 (24.3)  
 ≥420 5854 (25.4) 2991 (25.3) 2846 (25.5)  
 Missing 0 (0.0) 0 (0.0) 0 (0.0)  
School within 800 m     0.145
 No 16,540 (71.8) 8540 (72.2) 7974 (71.3)  
 Yes 6503 (28.2) 3286 (27.8) 3202 (28.7)  
 Missing 0 (0.0) 0 (0.0) 0 (0.0)  
School within 5000 m     0.363
 No 4941 (21.4) 2565 (21.7) 2369 (21.2)  
 Yes 18,102 (78.6) 9261 (78.3) 8807 (78.8)  
 Missing 0 (0.0) 0 (0.0) 0 (0.0)  
Population density     0.072
 ≤200 (ref.) 4747 (20.6) 2515 (21.3) 2227 (19.9)  
 201–799 6679 (29.0) 3397 (28.7) 3271 (29.3)  
 800–1649 5832 (25.3) 3004 (25.4) 2817 (25.2)  
 ≥1650 5649 (24.5) 2853 (24.1) 2783 (24.9)  
 Missing 136 (0.6) 58 (0.5) 78 (0.7)  
  1. aResults from χ2 comparing boys and girls