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Table 1 Individual-level characteristics for all children and by gender from 23,043 MoBa participants

From: Neighborhood green spaces, facilities and population density as predictors of activity participation among 8-year-olds: a cross-sectional GIS study based on the Norwegian mother and child cohort study

  N (%)  
Characteristics Total (n = 23,043) Boys (n = 11,826) Girls (n = 11,176) P-valuea
Hours of leisure-time PA (summer)     <0.001
 ≤4 h/week 8758 (38.0) 3658 (30.9) 5086 (45.5)  
 ≥5 h/week 14,085 (61.1) 8071 (68.3) 5987 (53.6)  
 Missing 200 (0.9) 97 (0.8) 103 (0.9)  
Hours of leisure-time PA (winter)     <0.001
 ≤4 h/week 11,375 (49.4) 5110 (43.2) 6247 (55.9)  
 ≥5 h/week 11,457 (49.7) 6597 (55.8) 4837 (43.3)  
 Missing 211 (0.9) 119 (1.0) 92 (0.8)  
Participation in organized activities     0.003
 Once a week or less 6562 (28.5) 3467 (29.3) 3078 (27.6)  
 2 days or more/week 16,430 (71.3) 8333 (70.5) 8073 (72.2)  
 Missing 51 (0.2) 26 (0.2) 25 (0.2)  
Informal social activity with friends/peers     0.007
 Once a week or less 3627 (15.7) 1934 (16.4) 1684 (15.1)  
 2 days or more/week 19,084 (82.8) 9719 (82.2) 9333 (83.5)  
 Missing 332 (1.5) 173 (1.4) 159 (1.4)  
After school care     0.516
 No 6096 (26.4) 3162 (26.7) 2918 (26.1)  
 Yes 16,503 (71.6) 8449 (71.5) 8026 (71.8)  
 Missing 444 (2.0) 214 (1.8) 230 (2.1)  
Maternal age (years) at recruitment     0.063
 ≤29 8967 (38.9) 4679 (39.6) 4288 (38.4)  
 ≥30 14,035 (60.9) 7147 (60.4) 6888 (61.6)  
 Missing 41 (0.2) 0 (0.0) 0 (0.0)  
Maternal level of education     0.731
 High school or less 4624 (20.1) 2392 (20.2) 2229 (19.9)  
 University ≤4 years 8904 (38.6) 4603 (38.9) 4286 (38.4)  
 University > 4 years 8951 (38.8) 4576 (38.7) 4355 (39.0)  
 Missing 564 (2.5) 255 (2.2) 306 (2.7)  
  1. Note: PA, physical activity
  2. aResults from χ2 comparing boys and girls