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Table 3 Factors associated with suicidal ideation among school going adolescents aged 13–17 years in Bhutan, 2016 (N = 5030)

From: Suicidal ideation and attempt among school going adolescents in Bhutan – a secondary analysis of a global school-based student health survey in Bhutan 2016

Variables TotalSuicidal Ideation
(unweighted count)
Percentage (%)PR (95% CI)aPR (95% CI)aOR(95% CI)
Total5809667(11.6)
 Age group13–15 years3001338(11.4)111
16–17 years2738329(11.8)1.0 (1.0–1.1)1.0 (0.9–1.1)1.0 (0.9–1.3)
 SexMale2485242(9.7)111
Female3217420(13.1)1.3(1.3–1.4)**1.4(1.2–1.7)**1.7 (1.4–2.2)**
 Type of studentDay scholar3146360(11.4)111
Boarding2444288(11.8)1.0(1.0–1.1)0.8(0.7–0.9)**0.9 (0.7–1.0)
 LocationRural2666294(11.1)111
Urban3073373(12.2)1.1(1.1–1.2)**1.1(0.9–1.2)1.1 (0.9–1.3)
 UnderweightNo5490638(11.6)111
Yes1097(6.2)0.5(0.4–0.7)**0.4(0.1–1.2)0.6 (0.3–1.5)
 OverweightNo4954575(11.6)111
Yes64570(10.8)0.9(0.9–1.0)1.0(0.8–1.2)1.0 (0.7–1.3)
 Food insecurityNever/rare3996399(10.0)111
Sometimes1562223(14.2)1.4(1.3–1.5)**1.2(1.0–1.3)*1.2 (1.0–1.5)*
Always17745(25.5)2.6(2.3–2.8)**1.3(1.0–1.6)*1.6 (1.0–2.5)
 Physical AttackNo3534331(9.5)111
Yes2195334(14.9)1.6(1.5–1.6)**1.2(1.0–1.3)*1.2 (1.0–1.5)*
 Physical FightNo3448312(9.2)111
Yes2273353(15.2)1.7(1.6–1.7)**1.0(0.9–1.2)1.2 (1.0–1.5)
 Sexual ViolenceNo5301558(10.5)111
Yes409102(24.4)2.3(2.9–2.5)**1.5(1.2–1.7)**1.7 (1.3–2.3)**
 BullyingNo4106390(9.5)111
Yes1448241(16.3)1.7(1.6–1.8)**1.3(1.1–1.5)**1.3 (1.0–1.6)*
 Close friendNone49878(16.1)111
1879108(11.9)0.7(0.7–0.8)**1.0(0.8–1.3)1.1 (0.7–1.6)
21100142(13.0)0.8(0.7–0.9)**1.2(1.0–1.5)1.2 (0.8–1.7)
3 or more3220331(10.2)0.6(0.6–0.7)**0.7(0.6–0.8)*0.8 (0.7–0.9)*
 Helpful friendNo3328442(13.2)111
Yes2397225(9.4)0.7(0.7–0.8)**0.8(0.7–1.0)*0.8(0.7–1.0)*
 Parent engagementHigh2880264(9.1)111
Medium2109294(13.9)1.5(1.5–1.6)**1.2(1.1–1.4)*1.2 (0.9–1.7)
Low750109(14.8)1.6(1.5–1.8)**1.3(1.1–1.5)*1.4 (1.1–1.7)**
 LonelinessNo4953460(9.3)111
Yes711182(25.2)2.7(2.6–2.8)**1.8(1.6–2.2)**2.1 (1.7–2.7)**
 Sleepless NightNo5295546(10.3)111
Yes438119(27.0)2.6(2.5–2.8)**1.4(1.1–1.7)*1.8 (1.4–2.5)**
 Urge to use drugs/alcoholNever/rare4725429(9.1)111
Sometimes803166(21.0)2.3(2.1–2.4)**1.5(1.3–1.7)**1.8 (1.4–2.3)**
Always19865(31.0)3.4(3.1–3.7)**1.4(1.1–1.8)*2.1 (1.4–3.2)**
 SmokingNo4368427(9.7)111
Yes1339231(17.2)1.8(1.7–1.9)**1.3(1.0–1.8)1.4 (0.8–2.2)
 Other Tobacco useNo4109394(9.6)111
Yes1604267(16.7)1.7(1.6–1.8)**0.8(0.6–1.2)0.9 (0.6–1.5)
 Drugs AbuseNo5327577(10.7)111
Yes37885(22.2)2.1(1.9–2.2)1.5(1.3–1.9)**1.3 (0.9–1.9)
 Parental smokingNo3610386(11.0)111
Yes2108275(13.0)1.2(1.1–1.3)**1.2(1.1–1.4)*1.2 (1.0–1.4)
 Parental drinkingNo2672299(11.3)111
Yes3031360(12.0)1.0(1.0–1.1)1.0(0.8–1.1)1.0 (0.8–1.2)
  1. PR Prevalence Ratio, aPR Adjusted Prevalence Ratio
  2. aOR Adjusted Odds ratio
  3. *p-value< 0.05; ** p-value< 0.001
  4. Weighted analysis done
  5. 1 stands for Reference category