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Table 3 Characteristics of MHC classes in the UK Millennium Cohort Study, weighted row % (n)

From: Associations between mental health competence and indicators of physical health and cognitive development in eleven year olds: findings from the UK Millennium Cohort Study

  Maternal-report (n = 12,082) Teacher-report (n = 6739)
All children
Column %
High MHC (Hi PS; Hi LS) High-Moderate MHC (Hi PS; Mod LS) Moderate MHC (Mod PS; Mod LS) Low MHC (Mod PS; Low LS) All children
Column %
High MHC (Hi PS; Hi LS) High-Moderate MHC (Hi PS; Mod LS) Moderate MHC (Mod PS; Mod LS) Low MHC (Mod PS; Low LS)
Gender Male 52 30 36 23 11 51 26 27 23 24
Female 48 44 35 16 5 49 53 25 15 7
Chi square test p-value < 0.0001 < 0.0001
Ethnicity White 86 36 37 19 8 86 39 27 19 15
Mixed 3 32 36 23 9 3 38 20 21 21
Indian 2 45 30 19 5 2 44 23 19 14
Pakistani/Bangladeshi 4 46 28 19 8 4 37 22 25 17
Black/ Black British 3 47 30 14 9 3 32 22 22 24
Other Ethnic group 1 48 28 18 6 1 43 19 26 12
Chi square test p-value < 0.001 0.05
Maternal age at MCS birth (years) 14–19 9 27 41 20 13 8 26 25 23 26
20–29 45 33 36 20 10 44 37 27 19 18
30–39 40 42 35 18 5 42 44 25 20 11
40+ 6 38 32 21 9 7 36 29 17 18
Chi square test p-value < 0.0001 < 0.0001
Maternal academic qualification Degree+ 20 48 29 18 4 21 53 20 20 8
Diploma 12 39 36 20 5 13 45 24 20 12
A-levels 8 38 38 18 7 7 47 22 17 14
GCSE grade A*-C 31 32 40 19 8 31 36 30 19 15
GCSE D-G 11 29 37 21 13 12 29 28 22 22
Other (including overseas) 7 35 34 20 11 6 29 22 22 27
None 11 33 34 19 13 10 25 33 16 26
Chi square test p-value < 0.0001 < 0.0001
Family structure Natural couple 62 43 35 18 5 63 44 25 19 12
Reconstituted 12 25 40 21 14 12 32 28 19 22
Lone 26 30 37 21 12 25 29 26 21 23
Chi square test p-value < 0.0001 < 0.0001
Maternal mental health No-low distress 56 43 34 18 5 56 43 25 19 13
Med/high distress 44 29 38 21 13 44 34 27 20 19
Chi square test p-value < 0.0001 < 0.0001
All children   37 36 19 8   39 26 19 16
  1. MHC mental health competence, Hi PS high prosocial behaviour, Mod PS moderate prosocial behaviour, Hi LS high learning skills, Mod LS moderate learning skills; Low LS: low learning skills