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Table 2 Multiple linear regression analyses on the contribution of social ecological factors to sedentary breaks per sedentary hour

From: Social-ecological correlates of accelerometer-measured occupational sitting among Japanese desk-based workers

 OverallMaleFemale
B (95% CI)pB (95% CI)pB (95% CI)p
Social ecological factors
 Don’t have enough time to take sedentary breaks− 0.29 (− 2.03 to 1.46)0.741.81 (− 0.7 to 4.31)0.16−0.66 (− 3.65 to 2.32)0.66
 Don’t have enough energy to take sedentary breaks− 1.61 (− 5.76 to 2.55)0.45−4.69 (−12.06 to 2.68)0.21−1.27 (−7.31 to 4.78)0.68
 Sedentary breaks are a low priority.−0.89 (− 2.31 to 0.52)0.22−0.68 (− 2.29 to 0.93)0.40−1.13 (−3.98 to 1.72)0.43
 Too stressed at work to take sedentary breaks−1.14 (−3.18 to 0.91)0.27−5.6 (−9.17 to − 2.02)<0.01−0.29 (−3.5 to 2.93)0.86
 I am motivated to take sedentary breaks.−1.36 (−2.61 to − 0.12)0.03−0.85 (−2.36 to 0.66)0.27−2.37 (−4.6 to − 0.13)0.04
 I typically see work colleagues take sedentary breaks.1.4 (0.07 to 2.73)0.041.03 (−0.53 to 2.58)0.191.55 (−0.89 to 3.99)0.21
 The company should encourage sedentary breaks.−0.67 (−2.35 to 1)0.43−0.1 (−2.11 to 1.9)0.92−0.89 (−3.97 to 2.19)0.57
 There is limited space available at my workplace for me to take a short physical activity break.0.33 (−1.09 to 1.74)0.65−0.37 (−2.14 to 1.39)0.670.37 (−2.22 to 2.96)0.78
Sociodemographic and health factors
 Sex (ref: male)2.13 (0.91 to 3.34)<0.01    
 Age0.01 (−0.08 to 0.09)0.90−0.06 (− 0.15 to 0.03)0.220.12 (−0.05 to 0.28)0.16
 Residence area (ref: Koto-ku)2.31 (1.06 to 3.55)<0.012.71 (1.18 to 4.24)<0.012.13 (−0.17 to 4.42)0.07
 Education (ref: high school or lower)−0.47 (−1.15 to 0.20)0.17−0.45 (−1.25 to 0.36)0.27−0.36 (−1.66 to 0.94)0.58
 Income (ref: <5 million)−0.22 (− 0.78 to 0.35)0.45−0.36 (−1.01 to 0.3)0.280.15 (−0.98 to 1.28)0.80
 Marital status (ref: single)1.24 (−0.16 to 2.65)0.080.38 (−1.57 to 2.33)0.701.02 (−1.31 to 3.36)0.39
 BMI (ref: <25.0 kg/m2)−1.76 (−3.02 to − 0.49)0.01−2.18 (−3.54 to − 0.82)<0.01− 1.13 (−4.02 to 1.76)0.44
 Weekly MVPA0.19 (0.00 to 0.38)0.040.13 (−0.07 to 0.33)0.210.36 (−0.04 to 0.77)0.08
Adjusted R20.170.230.02
  1. Social-ecological factors were entered as dichotomized variables: ‘disagree/strongly disagree (=1)’ and ‘agree/strongly agree (=2)’
  2. B Unstandardized regression coefficient; BMI Body mass index, MVPA Moderate-to-vigorous physical activity