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Table 1 Distributions of sociodemographic factors and number of deaths by trajectories among young (n = 495,663) and ageing (n = 603,085) employees

From: Work participation trajectories among 1,098,748 Finns: reasons for premature labour market exit and the incidence of sickness absence due to mental disorders and musculoskeletal diseases

  Temporary exit trajectory (n = 123,252) Permanent exit trajectory
(n = 26,895)
Continuously employed over follow-up
(n = 345,516)
p-value/ statistical test for difference between trajectory groups
Young employees (25–38 years)
 Men/women (%) 46.9/53.1 55.2/44.8 52.9/47.1 <.0001
 Deaths 853 2267 .
 Cut-off for the lowest income quartile (€ per year) at baseline in 2004 €13,345 €9300 €19,811 <.0001
 Self-employed 5.7% 7.8% 8.3% <.0001
 Upper white-collar 18.8% 12.7% 24.0%  
 Lower white-collar 34.0% 27.4% 38.5%  
 Manual worker 41.5% 52.1% 29.2%  
  Temporary exit trajectory (n = 122,013) Permanent trajectory (n = 53,566) Continuously employed over follow-up (n = 427,506) p-value/ statistical test for difference between trajectory groups
Ageing employees (39–52 years)
 Men/women (%) 53.3/46.7 57.6/42.4 47.7/52.3 <.0001
 Deaths 3220 8684 .
 Cut-off for the lowest income quartile (€ per year) at baseline in 2004 €18,714 €14,551 €22,531 <.0001
 Self-employed 10.0% 11.6% 13.4% <.0001
 Upper white-collar 16.5% 11.6% 23.6%  
 Lower white-collar 31.3% 28.0% 37.4%  
 Manual workers 42.3% 48.9% 25.7%