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Table 1 Characteristics of the women who participated in the cross-sectional survey conducted in three districts of Jimma Zone, Ethiopia, from October 2016 to January 2017 a

From: Utilization of key preventive measures for pregnancy complications and malaria among women in Jimma Zone, Ethiopia

  Total
(N = 3784)
Gomma
(N = 1402)
Kersa
(N = 1110)
Seka Chekorsa
(N = 1272)
% N % N % N %
Maternal age (years)
 15–18 7.5 95 6.8 80 7.2 110 8.6
 19–24 25.5 345 24.6 264 23.8 356 27.9
 25–34 50.5 736 52.5 559 50.4 615 48.3
 35–49 16.5 226 16.1 207 18.6 191 15.0
Ethnic group
 Oromo 93.7 1262 90.0 1065 95.9 1220 95.9
 Amhara 1.9 58 4.1 4 0.4 11 0.9
 Other 4.3 82 5.8 41 3.7 41 3.2
Education level
 No education 55.5 661 47.2 754 67.9 686 53.9
 Primaryb 31.0 470 33.5 273 24.6 430 33.8
 Secondaryc 12.7 259 18.5 77 6.9 146 11.5
 Higher 0.7 12 0.9 6 0.5 10 0.8
Marital Status
 Married 97.7 1348 96.2 1098 98.9 1252 98.5
 Not married 2.3 54 3.8 12 1.1 19 1.5
Employment status
 Not Employedd 78.2 1132 80.7 845 76.1 981 77.1
 Self-employede 19.2 211 15.1 255 22.9 260 20.4
 Employed 2.6 59 4.2 10 0.9 31 2.4
Wealth
 Poorest 20.0 89 6.3 399 35.9 270 21.2
 Poorer 21.3 252 17.9 227 20.4 326 25.6
 Middle 18.6 222 15.8 213 19.2 269 21.1
 Wealthier 20.1 309 22.0 186 16.7 265 20.8
 Wealthiest 20.0 530 37.8 85 7.66 142 11.2
Frequency of reading newspaper/ magazine
 Not at all 92.8 1268 90.4 1065 95.9 1180 92.7
 At least once a week 5.8 114 8.1 35 3.1 73 5.7
 More than once a week 1.3 20 1.4 10 0.9 19 1.5
Frequency of listening to the radio
 Not at all 45.6 622 44.4 534 48.1 569 44.7
 At least once a week 26.5 422 30.1 272 24.5 309 24.3
 More than once a week 27.9 358 25.5 304 27.4 394 30.9
Frequency of watching the TV
 Not at all 88.8 1070 76.3 1066 96.0 1226 96.4
 At least once a week 5.2 150 10.7 26 2.3 22 1.7
 More than once a week 5.9 182 12.9 18 1.6 24 1.9
Frequency of contact with HEW
 Not at all 66.4 856 61.0 856 77.1 802 63.0
 Less than once a month 23.0 348 24.8 200 18.0 323 25.4
 One or more times a month 10.5 198 14.1 54 4.8 147 11.5
Decision Making about healthcare
 Self 12.2 170 12.1 120 10.8 171 13.4
 Jointly 59.2 883 62.9 628 56.6 728 57.2
 Husband 27.9 336 23.9 355 31.9 366 28.7
 Family member 0.7 13 0.9 7 0.6 7 0.2
Household size
 ≤ 4 34.0 504 35.9 329 29.6 454 36.7
 5–8 56.2 794 56.6 629 56.7 702 55.2
 ≥ 9 9.8 104 7.4 152 13.7 116 9.1
Number of children per household
 ≤ 3 56.2 848 60.5 553 49.8 725 57.0
 4–6 38.7 506 36.1 465 41.9 493 38.7
 ≥ 7 5.1 48 3.4 92 8.3 54 4.25
Reproductive history
 Gravidity (mean ± SD)f 3.70 (±2.34) 3.51 (±2.25)   4.15 (±2.47)   3.52 (±2.27)  
Live birth
 1 1.6 32 2.3 7 0.6 21 1.6
 > 1 98.4 1370 97.7 1103 99.4 1251 98.3
Induced abortion
 0 94.1 1295 92.4 1058 95.3 1210 95.1
 ≥ 1 5.9 107 7.6 52 4.7 62 4.9
Miscarriage
 0 97.4 1347 96.1 1088 98.0 1250 98.3
 ≥ 1 2.6 55 3.9 22 2.0 22 1.7
Stillbirth
 0 95.5 1314 93.7 1066 96.0 1234 97.0
 ≥ 1 4.5 88 6.3 44 3.9 38 2.9
Malaria
Malaria infection during pregnancy
 Yes 1.4 28 2.0 9 0.8 18 1.4
 No 98.5 1374 98.0 1101 99.2 1254 98.6
Bed net ownership
 Yes 47.6 874 62.3 484 43.6 444 34.9
 No 52.4 528 37.6 626 56.4 828 65.1
Bed net use
 Never 53.3 547 39.0 635 57.2 833 65.6
 Sometimes 8.5 153 10.9 83 7.5 85 6.7
 Often 11.8 182 13.0 147 13.2 119 9.4
 Always 26.4 520 37.1 245 22.1 232 18.3
  1. Notes: a Numbers are rounded and may not add up to exactly 100%; bconsiders women who completed all or some primary school years; c considers women who completed all or some secondary school years; d the unemployed category contains women who were unemployed, housewives or students; e c the self-employed category contains women who are farmers and/or traders; f Defined as the number of times a woman has been pregnant