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Table 3 Increase in deaths in Sweden if snus had not been introduced – summary of results

From: Using data on snus use in Sweden to compare different modelling approaches to estimate the population health impact of introducing a smoke-free tobacco product

  Lung cancer COPD IHD Stroke
Approach 1 77,762 32,538 77,438 76,946
Approach 1 (Adjusted) 28,535 11,265 −50,597 23,146
Approach 2 8786 1781 10,409 1720
PHIM f = 0.0, g = 1.0 7931 1969 12,501 1901
PHIM f = 0.0, g = 1.0 (survival adjusted) 7573 1781 10,907 1443
PHIM f = 0.1, g = 0.9 7849 1970 12,386 1865
PHIM f = 0.1, g = 1.0 7423 1868 11,784 1781
PHIM f = 0.1, g = 1.1 7004 1767 11,186 1697
PHIM f = 0.2, g = 1.0 6932 1770 11,082 1663
PHIM g = 0.9, f = 0.0 8367 2072 13,110 1986
PHIM g = 0.8, f = 0.0 8812 2175 13,724 2072
PHIM g = 0.5, f = 0.0 10,198 2493 15,597 2333
  1. Table 3 shows the increase in the number of deaths that would have occurred in the years 1980–2009 in Swedish males aged 30–79 years if snus had not been introduced, as estimated by the different Approaches