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Table 1 The Characteristics of HIV+ -Smoking Quitters receiving care at the UAB 1917 HIV/AIDS clinic between April 2008–April 2017 according to Relapse status

From: Mental health disorders and alcohol use are associated with increased likelihood of smoking relapse among people living with HIV attending routine clinical care

  Overall N(473) a
N(%)
Relapse (Yes = 240) a
n(%)
Relapse (No = 233) a
n(%)
Socio-demographic    
 Age (years), mean (SD) 46.7 (11.2) 46.4 (11.1) 47.1 (11.4)
 Gender/sexual orientation
   Women 75 (16.2) 38 (16.1) 37 (16.3)
   Male heterosexual 79 (17.1) 35 (14.8) 44 (19.4)
   MSM 309 (66.7) 163 (69.1) 146 (64.3)
 Race/ethnicity
   White 231 (49.3) 120 (50.2) 111 (48.3)
   African American 238 (50.7) 119 (49.8) 119 (51.7)
Clinical/medical
 Length in care (years) mean (SD) 8.8 (4.74) 9.14 (4.62) 8.54 (4.85)
 Adherent to ART 66 (15.6) 34 (16.4) 32 (14.7)
 Health Insurance
   Private 152 (32.1) 78 (36.2) 74 (31.8)
   Public 126 (26.6) 64 (26.7) 62 (26.6)
   Uninsured 195 (41.2) 98 (40.8) 97 (41.6)
 Comorbiditiesb
   Cardiovascular 70 (14.8) 30 (12.5) 40 (17.2)
   Respiratory 101 (21.4) 59 (24.6) 42 (18.0)
   Metabolic 71 (15.0) 32 (13.3) 39(16.7)
   Cancer 34 (7.2) 21 (8.80) 13 (5.60)
 Laboratory parameterc
   Plasma HIV-1 RNA < 200 copies/ml 386 (81.6) 190 (79.2) 196 (84.1)
 CD4 count (cells/μL)
    < 200 49 (10.4) 20 (8.40) 29 (12.4)
    ≥ 200 423 (89.6) 219 (91.6) 204 (87.6)
Behavioral and psychologicale
 Depressive symptoms 97 (20.9) 58 (24.6) 39 (17.0)
 Anxiety symptoms 130 (28.2) 80 (34.2) 50 (22.0)
 Substance abused
   Never 65 (13.7) 33 (13.7) 32 (13.7)
   Prior 177 (37.4) 91 (37.9) 86 (36.9)
   Current 49 (10.4) 28 (11.7) 21 (9.01)
   Unknown 182 (38.5) 88 (36.7) 94 (40.3)
 Alcohol abuse
   No risk 150 (34.6) 74 (33.6) 136 (65.1)
   Low risk 232 (53.6) 111 (50.5) 121 (56.8)
   At risk 51 (11.8) 35 (15.9) 16 (7.5)
  1. Abbreviations: ART antiretroviral therapy, HIV human immunodeficiency virus, MSM men who have sex with men, SD standard deviation, UAB University of Alabama at Birmingham Missing data: Race, 0.8%; Gender/sexual orientation, 2.1%; Adherence, 10.4%; CD4 count, 0.2%; Depression (PHQ-9), 1.7%; Anxiety (PHQ-A), 2.5%; Alcohol abuse, 8.5%;
  2. aColumn percentages; bComorbidities: respiratory (asthma, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, bacterial pneumonia); metabolic (diabetes and dyslipidemia); cardiovascular (stroke, myocardial infarction, coronary artery disease, hypertension); cLab value closest to index visit; dSubstance abuse includes street opioids, prescription opioids, marijuana, crack/cocaine, amphetamines, sedatives, inhalants, hallucinogens; eAt baseline quit value
  3. Plasma HIV-1 RNA < 200 copies/ml, Depressive symptoms, Anxiety symptoms, Alcohol abuse were significant at p value < 0.05 level
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