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Table 1 Health-related behaviours according to demographic and socioeconomic variables

From: The relationships between health-related behaviours in the Canadian adult population

Demographic (n) Current smoker High-risk alcohol usea Inadequate sleep Inadequate physical activity <  4 servings of fruit & vegetables per day ≥3 adverse behaviours
Sex
 Male (3360) 26.1 (1.2) 32.7 (1.8) 35.5 (1.5) 20.1 (1.4) 75.9 (1.4) 25.5 (1.3)
 Female (3429) 18.2 (1.3) 20.3 (1.7) 36.5 (1.5) 15.8 (0.9) 62.3 (1.7) 16.8 (1.0)
p-value < 0.001 < 0.001 0.619 0.006 < 0.001 < 0.001
Age (y)
 18–29 (1139) 26.3 (2.3) 31.8 (3.3) 34.4 (2.5) 26.8 (2.1) 73.4 (2.0) 26.3 (2.3)
 30–39 (1443) 25.7 (3.6) 26.9 (3.3) 33.1 (2.5) 20.6 (2.5) 66.9 (2.6) 22.7 (2.1)
 40–49 (1342) 24.4 (2.2) 24.6 (2.6) 35.2 (2.9) 16.9 (2.3) 67.4 (2.2) 22.9 (2.6)
 50–59 (803) 22.3 (1.6) 24.8 (2.4) 43.6 (3.1) 14.6 (2.3) 69.9 (2.8) 20.7 (1.9)
 60 + (2062) 13.2 (0.9) 24.6 (1.6) 34.1 (1.8) 11.3 (0.7) 67.3 (1.9) 13.0 (0.8)
 p-value < 0.001 0.178 0.057 < 0.001 0.165 < 0.05
Household Education
  < Secondary School (476) 40.0 (4.1) 33.0 (5.3) 47.9 (4.4) 29.5 (4.9) 80.3 (3.9) 38.0 (3.2)
 Secondary School Graduation (951) 34.5 (3.5) 29.7 (3.2) 44.4 (3.4) 21.1 (2.3) 73.2 (2.3) 31.7 (3.3)
 Post-Secondary School Graduationb (5124) 18.1 (1.0) 25.2 (1.8) 33.1 (1.4) 16.0 (0.9) 67.4 (1.4) 17.0 (1.2)
 p-value < 0.001 0.168 < 0.01 < 0.01 < 0.01 < 0.001
Income Adequacyc
 Lowest (464) 42.6 (4.9) 32.2 (7.3) 39.6 (5.0) 27.9 (4.6) 77.0 (3.6) 32.9 (2.1)
 Lower Middle (1051) 32.7 (3.2) 34.7 (3.4) 43.1 (2.9) 23.9 (2.6) 69.1 (3.4) 29.8 (1.9)
 Upper Middle (1941) 23.0 (2.0) 27.0 (2.3) 37.9 (1.7) 16.9 (1.7) 72.3 (2,.0) 21.9 (1.9)
 Highest (3333) 16.2 (1.2) 26.3 (1.8) 32.6 (1.7) 17.9 (1.5) 66.4 (1.3) 16.9 (1.8)
 p-value < 0.001 0.687 < 0.05 < 0.05 < 0.05 < 0.001
  1. Note: SE = standard error
  2. aHigh risk use was defined as ≥5 drinks (males) and ≥ 4 drinks (females) on one occasion ≥2 times per month over the past year OR consuming alcohol every day in the past year;
  3. bIncludes trade certificate or diploma, college, CEGEP or other non-university certificate or diploma, university certificate or diploma below the bachelor’s level, bachelor’s degree, university certificate/diploma/degree above the bachelor’s level
  4. cClassifies total household income into 4 categories based on total household income and the number of people living in the household