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Table 1 Bivariate associations between socio-demographic characteristics and drinker type

From: Drinking patterns and the distribution of alcohol-related harms in Ireland: evidence for the prevention paradox

  n Total (n = 4338; 100.0%) Low risk (n = 1345; 31.0%) Occasional HED (n = 1326; 30.6%) Monthly HED (n = 1368, 31.5%) Dependent (n = 299, 6.9%) p
Gender
 Male 2163 49.9% 29.6% 48.8% 67.0% 67.4% <.0001
 Female 2175 50.1% 70.4% 51.3% 33.0% 32.6%
Age
 18–24 598 13.8% 5.4% 11.6% 20.7% 29.5% <.0001
 25–34 1069 24.7% 17.6% 25.5% 27.1% 41.2%
 35–49 1411 32.5% 32.7% 38.8% 29.8% 16.8%
 50–64 899 20.7% 27.5% 19.1% 18.0% 9.7%
 65–75 359 8.3% 16.7% 5.0% 4.5% 2.8%
Marital status
 Single/never married 1282 29.6% 15.8% 26.6% 39.9% 57.5% <.0001
 Married/cohabiting 2772 63.9% 74.7% 67.8% 55.8% 35.6%
 Divorced/separated/ widowed 283 6.5% 9.6% 5.6% 4.3% 6.9%
Employment status
 Employed 2573 59.3% 51.4% 63.7% 63.8% 54.8% <.0001
 Unemployed 399 9.2% 6.3% 8.4% 11.1% 17.0%
 Economically inactive 932 21.5% 37.0% 18.8% 12.0% 7.3%
 Student 433 10.0% 5.3% 9.1% 13.1% 20.9%
Income
 Under 20,000 2152 55.3% 60.9% 50.7% 52.8% 62.0% <.0001
 Above 20,000 1742 44.7% 39.1% 49.3% 47.2% 38.0%
Age of first use
 15 or under 808 18.7% 7.7% 18.8% 25.3% 37.5% <.0001
 16–17 1692 39.2% 27.1% 43.5% 45.5% 45.0%
 18–20 1199 27.7% 36.6% 27.2% 22.6% 13.9%
 21+ 623 14.4% 28.6% 10.5% 6.6% 3.6%
  1. HED: Heavy episodic drinking; Occasional HED; engaged in HED 1–11 times in the last year; Monthly HED; engaged in HED at least once a month in last year; Dependent: meets criteria for DSM-IV alcohol dependence