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Table 2 Differences in hematological parameters in recurrent and non-recurrent malaria groups before and after first drug regimen

From: Prevalence of malarial recurrence and hematological alteration following the initial drug regimen: a retrospective study in Western Thailand

Parameter Malarial recurrence
(Mean ± SD)
P-value Non-recurrence P-value
First admission First follow up First admission First follow up
Leukocyte(× 103/μL) 6.19 (2.02) 6.36 (2.16) 0.81 6.21 (2.41) 6.36 (2.16) 0.014
Neutrophil (×103/μL) 70.4 (12.9) 54 (12.4) < 0.001* 70.4 (14.44) 54 (12.4) < 0.001
Lymphocyte (×103/μL) 19.8 (10.9) 34.4 (12.2) < 0.001* 20.1 (12.2) 34.4 (12.2) < 0.001
Monocyte (× 103/μL) 6.03 (4.13) 7.11 (3.68) 0.182 6.09 (6.23) 7.11 (3.68) < 0.001
Eosinophil (×103/μL) 2.69 (2.42) 3.04 (2.08) 0.093 2.32 (1.91) 3.24 (3.28) < 0.001
Basophil (×103/μL) 1.05 (0.86) 1.38 (1.09) 0.357 1.00 (0.86) 1.38 (1.09) < 0.001
RBC (×106/μL) 4.44 (0.92) 4.3 (0.7) 0.001* 4.59 (0.74) 4.3 (0.7) < 0.001
Hemoglobin (g/dL) 12.1 (2.52) 11.7 (1.96) < 0.001* 12.4 (2.67) 11.7 (1.97) < 0.001
MCV (fL) 81.9 (6.41) 80.2 (9.07) < 0.001* 80.1 (8.12) 80.2 (9.07) 0.017
MCH (pg/cell) 29.4 (9.7) 27.4 (3.29) 0.015* 27.2 (3.14) 27.4 (3.29) 0.006
MCHC (g/dL) 34.2 (0.79) 33.8 (2.4) 0.155 33.9 (1.16) 33.8 (2.4) 0.708
RDW (%) 12.5 (0.73) 13 (4.38) 0.603 12.6 (1.21) 13 (4.38) < 0.001
Platelet (×103/μL) 84.75 (38.2) 168.5 (133.7) 0.007* 91.5 (51.1) 168.5 (133.7) < 0.001
  1. *P-value by Mann-Whitney U Test