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Table 1 Clinical characteristics of patients

From: Prevalence of malarial recurrence and hematological alteration following the initial drug regimen: a retrospective study in Western Thailand

  Recurrence
n = 95
Non-recurrence
n = 876
P-value OR (95%CI)
Demographic
 Age 17.5 (1–61) 20 (1–91) 0.124a NA
 Age groups (years)    0.199b NA
   < 5 4 (4.3%) 67 (7.7%)   
  5–20 50 (53.2%) 373 (42.6%)   
  21–40 26 (27.7%) 270 (30.9%)   
  41–60 13 (13.8%) 128 (14.6%)   
   > 60 1 (1.1%) 37 (4.2%)   
 Male/Female, n (%) 70 (73.3%)/25 (26.3%) 539 (61.5%)/337 (38.5%) 0.02b 1.75 (1.09–2.82)
 Thai/Non-Thai,n (%) 66 (69.5%)/29 (30.5%) 498 (56.8%), 378 (43.2%) 0.018b 1.727 (1.09–2.73)
 House location    0.959b NA
  - Khirirat 2 (2.1%) 26 (3%)   
  - Chong Khaep 9 (9.5%) 123 (14%)   
  - Phop Phra 31 (32.6%) 304 (34.7%)   
  - Mahawan 0 2 (0.2%)   
  - Maeku 0 2 (0.2%)   
  - Maejan 0 2 (0.2%)   
  - Mogro 0 4 (0.5%)   
  - Ruam Thai Phatthana 8 (8.4%) 75 (8.6%)   
  - Wow Lay 45 (47.4%) 335 (38.2%)   
  - Nong Ya Sai 0 1 (0.1%)   
  - Na Bot 0 1 (0.1%)   
  - Piang Luang 0 1 (0.1%)   
 Year (cases, percent)    0.425 NA
 2012 (306, 31.4%) 36 (11.8%) 270 (88.2%)   
 2013 (204, 20.9%) 24 (11.8%) 180 (88.2%)   
 2014 (132, 13.6%) 9 (6.9%) 123 (93.1%)   
 2015 (120, 12.3%) 12 (10%) 108 (90%)   
 2016 (81, 8.3%) 6 (7.4%) 75 (92.6%)   
 2017 (59, 6.1%) 4 (7%) 53 (93%)   
 2018 (71, 7.3%) 4 (5.6%) 67 (94.4%)   
 Case admission 68 (10.4%) 585 (89.6%) 0.344b 1.25
  - OPD 27 (8.5%) 291 (91.5%)   (0.78-
  - Admit     1.99)
 Days of fever (mean ± SD) 3.47 ± 1.92 3.83 ± 2.30 0.118b NA
 Chill (yes/no) 43 (45.7%)/51 (54.3%) 370 (42.2%)/506 (57.8%) 0.513b 1.15 (0.75–1.77)
 Snot (yes/no) 21 (22.3%)/73 (77.7%) 173 (19.7%)/703 (80.3%) 0.551b 1.17 (0.7–1.95)
 Headache (yes/no) 59 (62.8%)/35 (37.2%) 444 (50.7%)/432 (49.3%) 0.026b 1.64 (1.06–2.54)
 Pain (yes/no) 17 (18.1%)/77 (81.9%) 190 (21.7%)/686 (78.3%) 0.418b 0.418 (0.8–1.38)
 Type of Plasmodium spp. (Pf/Pv) 32 (33.7%)/63 (66.3%) 212 (24.2%)/663 (75.8%) 0.044b 1.59 (1.01–2.49)
 Parasite density    0.915b  
  - Rare 8 (9.2%) 79 (90.8%)   
  - Few 48 (9.8%) 443 (90.2%)   
  - Moderate 35 (36.8%) 302 (34.6%)   
  - Many 4 (10.4%) 50 (89.6%)   
 Career    0.001b NA
  - Student 41 (15.5%) 223 (84.5%)   
  - Custody 7 (6.7%) 98 (93.3%)   
  - Farmer 31 (10.1%) 275 (89.9%)   
  - Self employed 15 (5.7%) 249 (94.3%)   
  - Others 1 (3.1%) 31 (96.9%)   
  1. aComparison of continuous variable using Mann-Whitney U Test, bComparison of categorical groups using Pearson Chi-Square Test