Skip to main content

Table 1 Characteristics of the total sample for participants with some outcome and complete covariate data, and by study area

From: Local walking and cycling by residents living near urban motorways: cross-sectional analysis

Characteristicsa Overall (n = 1276) South (new motorway)
(n = 420)
East (longstanding motorway)
(n = 416)
North (no motorway)
(n = 440)
Median distance to nearest motorway infrastructure in metres (IQR) 512 (1813)* 414 (238) 349 (270) 2803 (1452)
Mean age in years (SD) 54.0 (16.0) 53.5 (16.2) 53.4 (16.3) 55.0 (15.4)
Male (%) 555 (43.5) 197 (47.0) 174 (41.8) 184 (41.8)
Full home ownership (%) 683 (53.5) 224 (53.3) 221 (53.1) 238 (54.1)
Activities outside home (work, student or volunteers) (%) 625 (49.0) 212 (50.5) 206 (49.5) 207 (47.1)
Not owning a car (%) 563 (44.1) 191 (45.5) 189 (45.4) 183 (41.6)
Difficulty walking (%) 350 (27.4) 108 (25.7) 116 (27.9) 126 (28.6)
Median years lived in local area (IQR) 15.3 (23.3) 13.1 (20) 19.5 (24.7) 16.3 (24.8)
  1. IQR Interquartile range, SD Standard deviation
  2. * p = < 0.01 difference across groups
  3. aReported as: number of participants (%) except where otherwise specified